(CBS Pittsburgh/CBS Local) -- Muirfield Village Golf Club welcomes the PGA Tour to Dublin, Ohio this week as the Memorial Tournament presented by Nationwide, returns to its normal spot on the calendar after being moved to July due to COVID cancellations in 2020.
Since the tournament's inception in 1976 -- and the course's opening two years prior -- it has earned a stellar reputation. And the PGA Tour field attracted to Dublin, Ohio each year reflects that.
But the genesis of Muirfield Village Golf Club and the Memorial Tournament dates to 1966, when, just before the start of that year's Masters Tournament, legendary golfer Jack Nicklaus confided to one of his good friends, Ivor Young, that he wanted to start an event in Columbus that would be as exceptional as the Masters. A few months later, Young found the densely wooded, rolling tract in what was then rural Dublin that Nicklaus recognized as an area where he once hiked and hunted with his father.
After several years of acquiring property, construction began on July 28, 1972. And though Nicklaus received some assistance from fellow Ohioan, renowned architect Pete Dye, and land planner Desmond Muirhead, the final product was Jack's doing. His refinements through the years have bolstered Muirfield's reputation as one of the finest strategic designs in the world.
"It's a pretty site. When I saw it, I liked the way it flowed through the valleys, and I knew I wanted to create a gallery golf course. The valleys were wide enough to accommodate that goal," said Nicklaus, whose design philosophy came from many sources, but, in particular, from Scioto Country Club, his home course in Columbus designed by Donald Ross. "I can't say I was a golf course designer because I didn't have much experience. I just liked the property. When it came to designing the course, it was about finding the best areas. There were two creeks that came together at one end of the property, which today is where the creeks come down at 11 and 15. We had another creek that came down where the second hole is now, coming down from the fifth hole. That creek goes out at the third hole, providing the drainage for the property. I just worked myself back through those valleys."
The design not only was strategically sound, but groundbreaking in one sense. Nicklaus infused the layout with a feature he called, "amphitheatering," or mounding on the periphery of playing areas that offered patrons unobstructed views. The Players Stadium Course at TPC Sawgrass, designed by Dye, is often credited with introducing the concept of stadium golf, but Muirfield Village predates TPC Sawgrass by two years.
"I was there at the very beginning, but it's unbelievable what he has done, how he has modified it, made it stronger with the kinds of shots you have to hit," Dye said. "He's made it into one of the best dang golf courses you'll find anywhere."
Indeed, as the years have peeled away, Nicklaus has managed the evolution of the golf course. Some changes have been significant, like the redesign of the 17th hole in 2002 and the 16th hole in 2011 in preparation for the 2013 Presidents Cup.
In the last year, the course has been completely reimagined, from the tees to the fairways to the bunkers to the greens. Many of the tees were moved, and many of the fairways have been reshaped or rerouted. Plenty of bunkers have been added or taken out, or simply adjusted. And the greens are completely different, with some of them moved and all of them reconstructed. The fourth and 15th holes -- a 210-yard par-3 and a 561-yard par-5 -- may be the most dramatically changed.
The par-72 layout was just 6,969 yards when the course opened on Memorial Day in 1974, but today it measures close to 7,400 yards. It can be set up to play much longer or much shorter.
Golf Digest has ranked the course in the top 20 in America and, of course, it has the endorsement of the players, not to mention golf's governing bodies. Muirfield Village Golf Club is the only venue in history to host the Ryder Cup, Solheim Cup and the Presidents Cup. The U.S. Golf Association also has found its way there for a number of its national championships, including the 1992 U.S. Amateur.
Nicklaus always keeps a critical eye on how it plays each year, as professional golfers get bigger and stronger and launch the golf ball ever farther.
"Through the years I have made a lot of changes, some for the sake of the members, some to improve the spectator experience, and some simply to make the golf course a better and stronger test," said Nicklaus before this round of changes. "I've spent a ton of time here, but I haven't changed the course radically. Like any designer, I want the course to show well, and be able to hold up against the game's best players, so I have tried to find ways to preserve shot values. Muirfield Village, basically, is the same course that opened in 1974. It's still a course where placing the ball in the proper areas is more important than power. I think that makes for more exciting golf."
Nicklaus still pays attention to what is out there, how the course is likely to play when the game's best players descend on Central Ohio.
"Obviously, Muirfield Village stands alone as something that means a great deal to me," he said a few years ago. "What it represents is my total vision as it relates to a golf course, a club, and a tournament. We have come a long way with it, and it's a neat thing to have a dream and make it happen."
Journalist and author David Shedloski of Columbus, Ohio, has been covering golf since 1986, first as a daily newspaper reporter and later as a freelance writer for various magazines and Internet outlets. A winner of 23 national writing awards, including 20 for golf coverage, Shedloski is currently a contributing writer for Golf World and GolfDigest.com and serves as editorial director for The Memorial, the official magazine of the Memorial Tournament in Dublin, Ohio. He is the author of three books and has contributed to three others, including the second edition of "Golf For Dummies," with Gary McCord. He's a fan of all Cleveland professional sports teams, the poor fellow.
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