WASHINGTON -- The U.S. has seen no need to shoot down North Korean missiles test-fired in Japan's direction, but a future missile launch that threatens U.S. or Japanese territory will "elicit a different response from us," said Monday.
He also said, without elaboration, that the Trump administration has military options against North Korea that would not put Seoul at risk. He would not say whether he was referring to overt combat action, a cyberattack or something more covert.
"I will not go into details," he said.
Mattis also confirmed that he and his South Korean counterpart had recently discussed the possibility of putting U.S. nuclear weapons back into South Korea, an option that has been raised publicly by some South Korean politicians. U.S. nuclear weapons were withdrawn from the Korean peninsula in the early 1990s at the close of the Cold War.
"We discussed the option, but that's all ... I want to say," he said.
Mattis discussed several aspects of the North Korea crisis in an impromptu exchange with reporters at the Pentagon, including the effect ofand diplomatic pressure on North Korea. He argued that the pressure is working, and gave as an example Mexico's decision to expel the North Korean ambassador in Mexico City.
He was asked why the U.S., which has spent tens of billions of dollars on missile defense programs in recent decades, has not tried to intercept North Korea's rockets as they demonstrate an increasingly sophisticated missile capability.
"No. 1, those missiles are not directly threatening any of us," he said.
He was referring to an accelerating series of missile tests by North Korea that have defied U.S. and international warnings to stop. North Korea has said the tests are intended to develop the capability to hit U.S. territory with a nuclear weapon. It also has threatened to launch, a U.S. island territory in the Pacific.
On Sept. 3, North Korea conducted an underground nuclear test that was by far.
Last week, North Korea launched an intermediate-range ballistic missile that traveled 2,300 miles and passed over thebefore landing in the northern Pacific. It was the country's longest-ever test flight of a ballistic missile. Mattis happened to be at U.S. Strategic Command headquarters near Omaha, Nebraska, at the time of the launch and afterward condemned it for forcing "millions of Japanese" to "duck and cover."
In Japan, a mobile missile-defense system is moving on the northern island of Hokkaido to a base near recent North Korean missile flyover routes.
Defense Minister Itsunori Onodera said Tuesday that a Patriot Advanced Capability-3 interceptor unit was being deployed at the Hakodate base on southern Hokkaido.
Mattis made clear in his remarks on Monday that the U.S. and Japan are prepared for future missile threats.
The North Koreans "arethat seem to press against the envelope for just how far can they push without going over some kind of a line, in their minds, that would make them vulnerable," he said. "So they aim for the middle of the Pacific Ocean."
"The bottom line is that the missiles, were they to be a threat" either to the U.S. or Japan, "that would elicit a different response from us."