PARIS - The French jihadi network that groomed one of the Nov. 13 Paris attackers went on trial Monday minus its most infamous member, a man killed in the Bataclan concert hall on a night of bloodshed that left 130 people dead in the French capital.
The seven defendants, friends from the eastern city of Strasbourg, were arrested in 2014 on suspicion of unspecified terrorist activity after returning from Syria. Court documents show no indication they were planning a specific attack at that time.
Two other members of the 10-person network died in Syria. And the final member of the Strasbourg group, Foued Mohamed-Aggad, remained at large and went on to participate in the Nov. 13 Paris attacks.
The defendants in Monday's trial in Paris - who include Mohamed-Aggad's brother Karim - insisted they had nothing to do with the Paris attacks.
The men insist they went to Syria for humanitarian reasons and were forced to join Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) as one thing after another went wrong with their journey. All returned to France by April 2014, telling investigators they were desperate to escape.
"Humanitarian or jihadist?" the judge asked each man sharply. With different levels of equivocation, each man said they went to Syria with the intention of helping.
Karim Mohamed-Aggad asked that the group be judged for what they had done, and not for the deadly Nov. 13 attacks.
The group was recruited by Mourad Fares, who once boasted of grooming dozens of French citizens to join jihadists in Syria and who was arrested separately in late 2014 by French authorities. The Strasbourg men uniformly blamed their plight on Fares, who was not among those on trial Monday.
Fares did not meet the group at the border as they arrived in Syria, they told investigators - instead, they said they were picked up by members of the group later known as ISIS and said they had little choice but to go along.
"We were had by smooth talk. Islam was used to trap me like a wolf. When we arrived there, it was clear to me that the people there had nothing to do with Islam," Karim Mohamed-Aggad told investigators, according to court documents.
He did not know, however, if his brother felt the same.
"It is obvious that the shadow of Fouad Mohamed-Aggad hangs over this case," said Eric Lefebvre, lawyer for defendant Mohamed Hattay. "(But) what this man did, that's his responsibility, his guilt, and it wouldn't be fair today to tell these people today that they are partly responsible for what happened (on Nov. 13)."
Police had no idea who Foued Mohamed-Aggad was, until Aggad's mother got a text message from Syria saying her son had been killed on November 13, the day of the attacks. That let forensics teams to match DNA from the body found in the Bataclan to samples provided by the Aggad family.