A Connecticut teenager says she was shocked she tested positive for the Zika virus after learning she was pregnant.
Sara Mujica, 17, of Danbury, said she found out she was pregnant in March while she was visiting Victor Cruz, her fiance and the baby's father, in Honduras. At the time of the pregnancy test, she said she was getting over an illness that gave her rashes, headaches and neck aches. She thought it was related to fish she had eaten, not Zika.
She said she returned to Connecticut on March 30 and went to Danbury Hospital to get tested for Zika -- just in case. She said she learned of the positive Zika results during a phone call from her crying mother last week, after she had returned to Honduras.
"I was in a state of shock honestly," Mujica told The Associated Press by phone Monday. "I didn't really know what to say. I didn't know what to do. I just started getting teary eyed and almost crying. I was just trying to stay strong."
Mosquito-borne Zika has become epidemic in Latin America and the Caribbean. It can cause microcephaly, a severe birth defect in which babies are born with abnormally small heads and brain damage. Researchers don't yet know the rate at which infected women have babies with birth defects.
The virus is mainly spread to humans through bites of infected mosquitoes, but the CDC reports it can also be sexually transmitted through semen. There is no vaccine or specific treatment available for Zika virus.
Mujica, who is Catholic, said she weighed her risks and decided to keep the baby.
"This is my blessing. This is my miracle," she said. "I have a cousin who has Down syndrome and he is so smart and l love him so much. I would never give up a Down syndrome child or a child with birth defects."
Officials at the state Department of Public Health and Danbury Hospital declined to comment Monday on whether Mujica tested positive for Zika.
Last week, the department revealed that a Connecticut resident who had traveled to Central America and became pregnant had been diagnosed with Zika. They didn't identify her.
Mujica said she believes she contracted Zika from a mosquito bite -- and not sexual contact -- while in Honduras, where Cruz lives in the city of Choloma. She is among 44 pregnant women across the U.S. who have tested positive for Zika, according to the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Tests have confirmed Zika in a total of 472 people in the U.S., with all the infections associated with travel to Zika-infected areas in other countries, according to the CDC. Connecticut officials say four people in the state have tested positive.
Mujica is hoping that Cruz can come live with her in Connecticut.
As the weather warms and mosquito season arrives in the Gulf states, U.S. officials are bracing for more cases of Zika. While they do not anticipate a wide-scale outbreak like the one seen in Latin America, they say local transmission is likely.
Federal, state, and local health officials are working on strategies to curb Zika infections in the U.S., including improved mosquito control, increased availability of Zika testing, and increased public awareness efforts on how the public can protect themselves.
The CDC recommends the following advice to avoid mosquito bites:
- Cover exposed skin by wearing long-sleeved shirts and long pants.
- Use an insect repellent approved by the Environmental Protection Agency as directed.
- Higher percentages of active ingredients provide longer protection. Use products with the following active ingredients: DEET, Picaridin, oil of lemon eucalyptus (OLE), IR3535.
- Use permethrin-treated clothing and gear, such as boots, pants, socks, and tents. You can buy pre-treated clothing and gear or treat them yourself.
- Stay and sleep in screened-in or air-conditioned rooms.
- Use a bed net if the area where you are sleeping is exposed to the outdoors.