Since he took office on Jan. 20, President Trump has signed a total of 77 executive actions -- including 25 presidential memoranda, 24 presidential proclamations, and 29 executive orders, which are published in the federal register.
The executive acts vary in scope and efficacy. Some serve as a signal of administration priorities, such as the ones where agencies are instructed to study changes to certain federal rules. Others are more substantial, such as the attempted travel bans currently held up in foreign court. All, it could be said, reflect the temperament and habits of a lifelong executive comfortable with issuing orders but still learning how to navigate the complexities of federal lawmaking.
Here's the list of the 29 executive orders Mr. Trump has signed in his first 100 days in office:
Minimizing the Economic Burden of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act Pending Repeal, Jan. 20, 2017 - The order directs the head of Health and Human Services and other departments to use their authority to "waive, defer, grant exemptions from or delay the implementation of any provision or requirement of the act that would impose a fiscal burden on any state or cost, fee, penalty, or regulatory burden on individuals, families, healthcare providers, health insurers patients, recipients of healthcare services, purchasers of health insurance or makers of medical devices, products and medications."
Expediting Environmental Reviews and Approvals for High Priority Infrastructure Projects - Calls for expediting reviews on infrastructure projects like bridges, electric grid, repairs to critical infrastructure, such as bridges, ports, airports, and highways.
Border Security and Immigration Enforcement Improvements - The first executive order calls for "the immediate construction of a physical wall on the southern border" -- or in other words, the U.S.-Mexico border wall that was a key promise of Mr. Trump's campaign. It also provides additional resources to DHS to stop people intending to "illegally enter the United States without inspection or admission." The order also calls for an additional 5,000 border agents.
Enhancing Public Safety in the Interior of the United States - sanctuary cities," could be denied federal grants. The order also says the DHS must prioritize deportations for people in the U.S. illegally who have been convicted of a criminal offense, have been charged with one, have engaged in fraud and abused any program related to public benefits, among other criteria. It also calls for the hiring of 10,000 more immigration officers, which Congress would have to agree to allocate funding for.allows the attorney general and homeland security secretary to make a determination whether certain cities, known as "
Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United States - This was Mr. Trump's original travel ban. It imposed a 90-day moratorium on travel to the U.S. from seven countries: Iran, Iraq, Syria, Yemen, Sudan, Somalia and Libya, restricted Syrian refugees from entering the U.S. indefinitely, and also banned refugees from the U.S. for 120 days. This travel ban was tied up in the courts and later replaced by a new travel ban, which has also been stopped from going into effect by the courts.
Ethics Commitments by Executive Branch Appointees - This bans administration officials from ever lobbying the U.S. on behalf of a foreign government again and imposes a five-year ban on people lobbying the agency they previously worked for. Another part of the order said that for two years, appointees must avoid working on issues involving their former clients or employees.
Reducing Regulation and Controlling Regulatory Costs - This order requires that two regulations be removed for every new regulation added. The White House argues that this will reduce the burden the private sector has in complying with federal standards.
Core Principles for Regulating the United States Financial System - Directs the Treasury secretary to review the 2010 Dodd-Frank financial oversight law, which reshaped financial regulation after the 2008-09 financial crisis.
Enforcing Federal Law with Respect to Transnational Criminal Organizations and Preventing International Trafficking - This order says a comprehensive approach is necessary to defeat drug cartel trafficking, saying the executive branch will strengthen law enforcement efforts to thwart criminal gangs and cartels. It establishes that the federal government will give a high priority to detecting and dismantling such criminal organizations.
Preventing Violence Against Federal, State, Tribal, and Local Law Enforcement Officers, Feb. 9 - This executive order directs the executive branch to enforce all existing laws to enhance law enforcement at every level, as well as pursue legislation to define new federal crimes and increase penalties for existing crimes to prevent violence against law enforcement officers. The order also requires a thorough evaluation of all grant funding to protect and support law enforcement, and recommend any change in funding to the president.
Providing an Order of Succession Within the Department of Justice - This order sets out a list of succession in the event that the Attorney General, Deputy Attorney General or Associate Attorney General dies, resigns or is otherwise "unable to perform" their duties. In that event, the replacing officers would be: the U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of Virginia; The U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Illinois; or the U.S. Attorney for the Western District of Missouri.
Task Force on Crime Reduction and Public Safety - This order sets forth that it is the policy of the executive branch to "reduce crime in America," creating a task force to reduce illicit activity. Attorney General Jeff Sessions will be in charge of the task force, which will develop strategies to reduce crime and submit a report to the president within a year.
Enforcing the Regulatory Reform Agenda - This order sets forth that it is the "policy of the United States to alleviate unnecessary regulatory burdens," designating regulatory reform officers at each agency. Each officer is responsible for overseeing multiple orders that roll back and review regulations. The regulatory reform officers must report to the agency head with updates on their progress.
Restoring the Rule of Law, Federalism, and Economic Growth by Reviewing the "Waters of the United States" Rule - This order reviews the Waters of the United States Rule, which conservatives have said gives the federal government too much power over America's waters and has created excessive, regulatory-induced burdens.
The White House Initiative to Promote Excellence and Innovation at Historically Black Colleges and Universities - This order establishes that HBCUs are an important part of American history, and creates an initiative to work with agencies, the private sector and educational institutions to increase the private sector's role in these schools to better equip students. The order also requires the Secretary of Education to prepare a plan to strengthen HBCUs' capacity to compete for grants.
Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United States, Mar. 6 -that will impose a 90-day ban on the issuance of new visas to people from six predominantly Muslim nations and will suspend the U.S. refugee program for all countries for 120 days. Unlike the , this excludes Iraq and doesn't indefinitely block Syrian refugees from the U.S.
Comprehensive Plan for Reorganizing the Executive Branch, Mar. 13 - Authorizes his top budget official, OMB Director Mick Mulvaney, to examine federal departments in search of.
Revocation of Federal Contracting Executive Orders - This order revokes some Obama-era executive orders related to federal contracting, and requires all executive agencies to consider rescinding any orders, rules, regulations or policies that implement those orders. One of the orders required certain prospective federal contractors to disclose violations of some basic workplace protections, like wage and hour, safety and health, and family or medical leave violations.
Promoting Energy Independence and Economic Growth - This order establishes that the country should develop its "vast energy resources," and avoid burdensome regulations that "encumber" energy production. It also sets forth that coal, natural gas and other resources are fair game for energy development. The order also demands that any necessary and appropriate environmental regulations comply with the law and that their benefits outweigh their costs.
Establishing the President's Commission on Combating Drug Addiction and the Opioid Crisis - As an opioid crisis ravishes the country, this order establishes that executive branch should relieve the U.S. of drug abuse and addition, establishing a commission to address the problem. The commission will make recommendations to the president on how to combat the crisis, spot underserved regions, create best practices for preventing addition, and identify the proper federal programs to carry out any federal intervention.
Establishing Enhanced Collection and Enforcement of Antidumping and Countervailing Duties and Violations of Trade and Customs Laws - This order develops the Secretary of Homeland Security, Secretary of the Treasury, Secretary of Commerce and the U.S. Trade Representative to develop a plan requiring importers, that pose a risk to U.S. revenue to provide security for antidumping and countervailing duty liability. The order also directs the Secretary of Homeland Security to develop a plan for combating violations of U.S. trade and customs laws, and the Attorney General to develop recommended prosecution practices for significant violations of trade laws.
Regarding the Omnibus Report on Significant Trade Deficits - This order says that, for many years, the U.S. hasn't obtained the "full scope of benefits" anticipated under international trade agreements or participating in the World Trade Organization, and sets forth a plan to begin addressing that problem.
Buy American and Hire American - This order sets forth that the policy of the executive branch is to buy American products and hire Americans. That means supporting U.S. manufacturing and defense industrial bases and enforcing laws governing entry of workers abroad entering the U.S. The goal is to increase wages and employment for Americans.
Identifying and Reducing Tax Regulatory Burdens - This order states that the federal tax system should be as "simple, fair, efficient and pro-growth" as possible. It requires the Secretary of the Treasury to review all tax regulations issued since January 2016 under Obama.
Promoting Agriculture and Rural Prosperity in America - The order claims it is "in the national interest" to promote agriculture in the U.S. and protect agricultural rural districts. The order establishes a task force focused on agricultural prosperity in rural areas, with support from the Secretary of Agriculture. The task force includes major cabinet secretaries, including the Secretary of the Treasury, Secretary of Health and Human Services, and Secretary of Energy, among others.
Review of Designations Under the Antiquities Act - Apr. 26, 2017 - This Trump executive order directs the review of federally designated lands to determine if the federal government should relinquish ownership to states. It will consider all national monument designations of federal public lands since 1996 that are 100,000 acres or larger. Mr Trump singled out former President Barack Obama's "egregious" use of federal power in using the Antiquities Act to "unilaterally" place swaths of American land and water under federal control, adding, "it's time we ended this abusive practice."
Enforcing Statutory Prohibitions on Federal Control of Education - With this order, the administration attempts to "restore the proper division of power" under the Constitution between the federal government and the 50 states, making it a priority to preserve local control over education.