WASHINGTON (CBSNewYork/AP) -- A divided Senate blocked rival election-year plans to curb guns on Monday, eight days after the horror of Orlando's mass shooting intensified pressure on lawmakers to act but knotted them in gridlock anyway -- even over restricting firearms for terrorists.
In largely party-line votes, rejected were one proposal from each side to keep extremists from acquiring guns and another shoring up the government's existing system of required background checks for many firearms purchases.
With the chamber's visitors' galleries unusually crowded for a Monday evening -- including people wearing orange T-shirts saying (hashtag)ENOUGH gun violence -- each measure fell short of the 60 votes needed to progress. Democrats called the GOP proposals unacceptably weak while Republicans said the Democratic plans were overly restrictive.
As CBS2's Valerie Castro reported, Sen. Cory Booker, D-N.J., expressed his disappointment in the failed proposals on Monday.
"Thanks to the vote just take, that someone can be a criminal, could have made terroristic threats, could have stalked their ex-girlfriend, been arrested for that, and can still go to a gun show, can still go on the Internet, get a weapon, and kill them," Booker said.
The stalemate underscored the pressure on each party to give little ground on the emotional gun issue going into November's presidential and congressional elections. It also highlighted the potency of the National Rifle Association, which urged its huge and fiercely loyal membership to lobby senators to oppose the Democratic bills.
"Republicans say, 'Hey look, we tried,"' said Senate Minority Leader Harry Reid, D-Nev. "And all the time, their cheerleaders, the bosses at the NRA, are cheering them."
"It's hard to believe, but still true, that our Republican colleagues voted to allow suspected terrorists to buy guns. We will keep pushing until they see the light," Sen. Charles Schumer, D-N.Y., said.
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., said the Orlando shootings -- in which the FBI says American-born gunman Omar Mateen swore allegiance to the leader of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria -- show the best way to prevent attacks by extremists is to defeat such groups overseas.
"Look, no one wants terrorists to be able to buy guns or explosives," McConnell said. He suggested that Democrats were using the day's votes "as an opportunity to push a partisan agenda or craft the next 30-second campaign ad," while Republicans wanted "real solutions."
That Monday's four roll-call votes occurred at all was testament to the political currents buffeting lawmakers after Mateen's June 12 attack on a gay nightclub. The 49 victims who died made it the largest mass shooting in recent U.S. history, topping the string of such incidents that have punctuated recent years.
The votes were little consolation to Sen. Bill Nelson, D-Fla.
"What am I going to tell the community of Orlando that is trying to come together in healing?" Nelson said.
The FBI said Mateen -- a focus of two terror investigations that were dropped -- described himself as an Islamic soldier in a 911 call during the shootings. That let gun control advocates add national security and the specter of terrorism to their arguments for firearms curbs, while relatives of victims of past mass shootings and others visiting lawmakers and watching debate from the visitors' galleries.
GOP senators facing re-election this fall from swing states were under extraordinary pressure.
One, Sen. Kelly Ayotte, R-N.H., voted Monday for the Democratic measure to block gun sales to terrorists, a switch from when she joined most Republicans in killing a similar plan last December. She said that vote -- plus her support for a rival GOP measure -- would help move lawmakers toward approving a narrower bipartisan plan, like one being crafted by Sen. Susan Collins, R-Maine.
Monday's votes came after Sen. Chris Murphy, D-Conn., led a near 15-hour filibuster last week demanding a Senate response to the Orlando killings. Murphy entered the Senate shortly after the December 2012 massacre of 20 first-graders and six educators in Newtown, Connecticut, but that slaughter and others have failed to spur Congress to tighten gun curbs. The last were enacted in 2007, when the background check system was strengthened after that year's mass shooting at Virginia Tech.
With Mateen's self-professed loyalty to extremist groups and his 10-month inclusion on a federal terrorism watch list, Sen. Dianne Feinstein, D-Calif., proposed letting the government block many gun sales to known or suspected terrorists. People buying firearms from federally licensed gun dealers can currently be denied for several reasons, chiefly for serious crimes or mental problems, but there is no specific prohibition for those on the terrorist watch list.
That list currently contains around 1 million people -- including fewer than 5,000 Americans or legal permanent residents, according to the latest government figures.
No background checks are required for anyone buying guns privately online or at gun shows.
As CBS News' Mark Albert reported, the NRA led lobbying efforts against gun regulations, saying the focus was misplaced.
"Laws didn't stop them in Boston, laws didn't stop them in San Bernardino where you had every type of gun control law that you could have, and they didn't even stop them in Paris where people can't even own guns," Wayne LaPierre, the NRA's executive vice president, said.
The GOP response to Feinstein was an NRA-backed plan by Sen. John Cornyn, R-Texas. It would let the government deny a sale to a known or suspected terrorist -- but only if prosecutors could convince a judge within three days that the would-be buyer was involved in terrorism.
The Feinstein and Cornyn amendments would require notification of law enforcement officials if people, like Mateen, who'd been under a terrorism investigation within the past five years were seeking to buy firearms.
Republicans said Feinstein's proposal gave the government too much unfettered power to deny people's constitutional right to own a gun. They also noted that the terrorist watch list has historically mistakenly included people. Democrats said the three-day window that Cornyn's measure gave prosecutors to prove their case made his plan ineffective.
The Senate rejected similar plans Feinstein and Cornyn proposed last December, a day after an attack in San Bernardino, California, killed 14 people.
"The other side says they support second amendment rights. We have every reason not to believe them," Sen. Chuck Grassley, R-Iowa, the chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee, said.
Murphy's rejected proposal would widely expand the requirement for background checks, even to many private gun transactions, leaving few loopholes.
He said the NRA has taught him a lesson.
"Ultimately, the only way you win this issue is by building a political infrastructure around the country that rivals the gun lobby," he said.
Grassley's defeated plan increased money for the background check system. Like Murphy's measure, it prodded states to send more records to the FBI, which operates the background check system, of felons and others barred from buying guns.
Grassley's proposal also revamped language prohibiting some people with mental health issues from buying a gun. Democrats claimed that language would roll back current protections.
Monday's votes were 53-47 for Grassley's plan, 44-56 for Murphy's, 53-47 for Cornyn's and 47-53 for Feinstein's -- all short of the 60 needed.
Separately, Collins was laboring to fashion a bipartisan bill that would prevent people on the no-fly list -- with just 81,000 names-- from getting guns. There were no signs Monday that it was getting wide support or would receive a vote.
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