Throwback Thursday: A look back in history on June 23 at Wallis Simpson, Lorena Bobbitt and the first typewriter patent.
Donald Duck, Minnie and Mickey Mouse, and two of the Seven Dwarfs pose with their creator, Hollywood producer Walt Disney, after he received an Honorary Master of Arts degree at commencement at Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. on June 23, 1938.
By CBSNews.com Senior Photo Editor Radhika Chalasani
On June 23, 1868, Christopher Latham Sholes, Samuel W. Soulé, James Densmore, and Carlos Glidden received the first patent for a commercially made typewriter. This early version looked like a piano with ivory keys for the alphabetical keyboard. The patent was sold to Remington & Sons who began production and later developed the Remington Typewriter with the now standard Qwerty layout.
The caption in The Sun newspaper reads: "The first type-writer, with the piano keys indicating perhaps the inventor's idea of making type-writing a lady-like job."
New traffic signals
The first of 104 new bronze traffic control towers, which will line Fifth Avenue, New York City, from Washington Square to 60th Street, was unveiled in front of the New York Public Library at 41st Street, June 23, 1931.
(L to R) Jacob A. Rappaport, builder; Police Commissioner Mulrooney; Joseph H. Freedlander, architect who designed the tower; and Capt. William J. Pedrick, President of the Fifth Avenue Association.
Duke of Windsor & Wallis Simpson
The Duke of Windsor and Mrs. Bessie Wallis Warfield Simpson pose for photographers in a garden of the Chateau de Cande, France, May 7, 1937.
This is the first time the couple has posed together since the duke abdicated the throne.
Rickets, curvature of the spine and other physical defects in children brought about by shelter life and war conditions generally are now being cured at St. Marys Hospital in East London where a special clinic has been opened through the good graces of the British War Relief Society of America.
With the aid of Neumann-Neurode exercises which take the form of baby gymnastics, Mrs. Estrid Dane, whose efforts in this direction have gained her world-wide recognition, is doing wonderful work in building up mentally and physically healthy children.
Mrs. Estrid Dane, who runs London clinic for blitzed children, treats five-month-old Frederick Bradley for spine curvature in East London, June 23, 1943.
Troop reinforcements in Normandy
American reinforcements arrive on the beaches of Normandy from a Coast Guard landing barge into the surf on the French coast on June 23, 1944 during World War II.
They will reinforce fighting units that secured the Norman beachhead and spread north toward Cherbourg.
Contested Republican convention
Delegates with posters and state signs crowd down the center aisle at Convention Hall in Philadelphia during a demonstration for Gov. Thomas E. Dewey after his name was placed in nomination during the Republican National Convention, June 23, 1948.
Dewey won the Republican presidential nomination on the third ballot of a contested convention. Months later, he lost the general election to Democratic incumbent Harry S. Truman.
Tarzan and Cheta
Cheta, "Tarzan's" jungle pal, and Tex (Tarzan) Barker say a sorrowful goodbye before Barker leaves by air for Nairobi, British East Africa, for the filming of "Tarzan's Peril" on jungle locations on June 23, 1950.
"March Against Fear"
Helmeted Mississippi Highway patrolmen and Canton police officers wearing gas masks, foreground, move in with riot guns after filling one of the Meredith marcher's tents with teargas in Canton, Mississippi, June 23, 1966. The action took place in a schoolyard which the campers chose for a campsite after being turned away earlier. Several marchers were injured.
The "March Against Fear" with black men only was led by civil rights activist James Meredith, the first African American to enroll at the University of Mississippi, against continued racism despite passage of federal civil rights legislation. Meredith was shot three times by a white gunman on the second day of the march through the Mississippi Delta. The march was continued by other civil rights leaders in Meredith's name after he was hospitalized and many supporters, both black and white, joined in. Following the violence in Canton, MS, 15,000 marchers entered Jackson on June 26 with Meredith and Martin Luther King out front, the largest civil rights march in the state's history.
Sidney Poitier gets a star
Actor Sidney Poitier inscribes his signature in wet cement at Grauman's Chinese Theater in Hollywood, June 23, 1967 after imprinting his hand and footprints in the forecourt of the theater.
Poitier, the first black to win an Academy Award for Best Actor for "Lilies of the Field" in 1964, starred in "To Sir, with Love," "Guess Who's Coming to Dinner" and "Heat of the Night" in 1967.
Nazi war criminal
Austrian Franz Paul Stangl, wartime commander of the Treblinka and Sobibor extermination camps, is accompanied by police officers on his arrival at Dusseldorf Airport in Germany from Brazil, June 23, 1967, to face war crimes charges.
Stangl was found guilty in 1970 for the mass murder of 900,000 people and sentenced to life in prison. He died six months after his sentencing of heart failure.
Charles Rangel elected
Charles Rangel makes a victory gesture on June 23, 1970, at his Harlem headquarters as vote returns indicate his defeat of Rep. Adam Clayton Powell in the Democratic primary for Congressional District covering Harlem.
Rangel went on to become one of the longest serving representatives in the House through 2016. Former Assemblyman Adam Clayton Powell IV, the son of the man who lost his seat to Rangel in 1970, is vying to succeed the congressman.
Special Watergate prosecutor Archibald Cox talks to media outside the U.S. District Court in Washington after ousted White House counsel John W. Dean III pleaded guilty to conspiring to obstruct the Watergate investigation, Oct. 19, 1973.
Materials released by the Nixon Presidential Library on June 23, 2009, showed aides trying to head off a U.S. constitutional crisis and save a presidency after Nixon fired Cox on Oct. 20, 1973. The two top Justice Department officials were fired shortly after Cox voiced his objections to a proposed Watergate tapes compromise and said he planned to ask the federal courts to act on President Richard Nixon's "noncompliance with the court's order."
Nixon and Brezhnev - Détente
President Richard Nixon and Soviet Communist party leader Leonid I. Brezhnev take a stroll on the grounds of the Western White House in San Clemente, Calif. June 23, 1973, during a break in their talks. The Pacific Ocean is in the background.
Nixon became the first U.S. president to visit Moscow when the two Cold Ward leaders met in 1972. The leaders signed the Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty, the first Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT I) and the U.S.-Soviet Incidents at Sea agreement.
A South Korean soldier of the First Infantry Division guards strategic point along the 151-mile DMZ dividing North and South Korea on June 23, 1980.
South Korea has secretly built at series of concrete walls along the DMZ to stymie tanks in the event of an invasion from the North.
The knife used by Lorena Bobbitt to cut off the penis of her husband, John Bobbitt, on June 23, 1993 is part of the evidence used in her malicious wounding trial at the Prince William County Courthouse in Manassas, Va., Jan. 13, 1994.
Lorena Bobbitt claimed that her husband raped her on the night June 23 and after he went to sleep she grabbed a kitchen knife and cut off his penis. She threw the penis out her car window, called 911 and was then arrested. The penis was subsequently found and surgically reattached. The prosecution conceded on the history of abuse by John Bobbitt. Lorena Bobbitt was found not guilty by reason of insanity. The couple divorced in 1995.
Robert Weisshappel with Motorola Cellular Subscriber Group holds the company's new MicroTac Elite cellular phone and a mock quarter-pound cheeseburger at the Summer Consumer's Electronics Show in Chicago, June 23, 1994.
The phone, the lightest most advanced cellular phone available in the world, weighs 3.9 ounces, less than the cheeseburger.
Christo - "Wrapped Reichstag"
An aerial view of the nearly finished "Wrapped Reichstag" project in Berlin, June 23, 1995.
After rain and high winds hampered the "installation" of the work during the last days, the artists Christo and his wife, Jeanne-Claude, hope to finish the wrapping before Sunday.
The German Parliament building was wrapped in more than a million square feet of silver-colored polypropylene fabric in a political and art "happening" visited by thousands.
A Minuteman II missile's blazing vapor shows over Southern California after it was launched on June 23, 1997 from Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.
Some southern Californians reported seeing an explosion in the sky but authorities did not confirm the reports. The unarmed intercontinental ballistic missile, reconfigured with a new payload nose section, blasted off at 8:39 p.m. PDT.
A Kosovar Albanian sits in the debris of a house in Pec, June 23, 1999.
The town, the second largest town in the Yugoslav province of Kosovo, was among the hardest-hit during the NATO airstrikes. The NATO campaign was not UN-sanctioned. The Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) were supported by NATO and the Albanian army in the conflict against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Yugoslavia agreed to withdraw from Kosovo ending the war and thousands of refugees returned home.