Before the U.S. and Cuba broke off diplomatic relations 54 years ago, the two countries had a long, intertwined history including leading figures such as Fidel Castro, John F. Kennedy, Ernest Hemingway, Jackie Robinson and Lucky Luciano.
On December 17, 2014, the U.S. and Cuba agreed to re-establish diplomatic relations and open economic and travel ties, marking a historic shift in U.S. policy toward the communist island after a half-century of enmity dating back to the Cold War. As President Obama makes a historic visit to CubaMarch 20-22, 2016, the first by a U.S. president in nearly nine decades, we take a look back at the storied history between the two countries the last time we had diplomatic relations with the island nation.
In this photo, U.S. President Barack Obama (R) and Cuban President Raúl Castro shake hands at the start of their meeting at the UN General Assembly in New York, September 29, 2015, another step towards a new relationship between the two countries. Two years ago, the leaders met and shook hands during the memorial service for former South African President Nelson Mandela in Johannesburg on December 10, 2013 - the first public greeting between an American president and a Cuban leader since the Cuban revolution.
By CBSNews.com senior photo editor Radhika Chalasani