Jurors in theare expected to walk through the still blood-spattered rooms of Parkland's Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School on Thursday in a visit to the three-story building where he four years ago.
The seven-man, five-woman jury and 10 alternates will be bused under heavy security the 30 miles from the Broward County Courthouse in downtown Fort Lauderdale to the suburban school. Law enforcement plans to seal off the area around the school and aircraft may be barred from flying overhead to prevent protesters from interrupting the proceedings and to protect the jurors' safety.
The panelists and their law enforcement escorts will be accompanied into the building by Circuit Judge Elizabeth Scherer, prosecutors and Cruz's attorneys. Cruz will not be present, according to one of his attorneys. Prosecutors, who are winding up their case, are hoping the visit will help prove that the former Stoneman Douglas student's actions were cold, calculated, heinous and cruel; created a great risk of death to many people and "interfered with a government function" - all aggravating factors under Florida's capital punishment law.
Under Florida court rules, neither the judge nor the attorneys are allowed to speak to the jurors - and the jurors aren't allowed to converse with each other - when they retrace the path Cruz followed on Feb. 14, 2018, as he methodically moved from floor to floor, firing down hallways and into classrooms as he went. The jurors have already seen surveillance video of the shooting and photographs of its aftermath.
Journalists will not be allowed inside until after the jurors leave, and will not be allowed to carry cameras.
The building has been sealed and surrounded by a chain-link fence since shortly after the massacre. Known both as the freshman and 1200 building, it looms ominously over the school and its teachers, staff and 3,300 students, and can be seen easily by anyone nearby. The Broward County school district plans to demolish it whenever the prosecutors approve. For now, it is a court exhibit.
"When you are driving past, it's there. When you are going to class, it's there. It is just a colossal structure that you can't miss," said Kai Koerber, who was a Stoneman Douglas junior at the time of the shooting. He is now at the University of California, Berkeley, and the developer of a mental health phone app. "It is just a constant reminder ... that is tremendously trying and horrible."
Cruz, 23, pleaded guilty in October to 17 counts of first-degree murder; the trial is only to determine if he is sentenced to death or life without parole.
The building's interior has been left nearly intact since the shooting: Bloodstains still smear the floor, and doors and walls are riddled with bullet holes. Windows in classroom doors are shot out. Rotted Valentine's Day flowers, deflated balloons and other gifts are strewn about. Only the bodies and personal belongings such as backpacks have been removed.
Miami defense attorney David S. Weinstein said prosecutors are hoping the visit will be "the final piece in erasing any doubt that any juror might have had that the death penalty is the only recommendation that can be made."
Such site visits are rare. Weinstein, a former prosecutor, said in more than 150 jury trials dating back to the late 1980s, he has only had one.
One reason for their rarity is that they are a logistical nightmare for the judge, who needs to get the jury to the location and back to the courthouse without incident or risk a mistrial. And in a typical case, a visit wouldn't even present truthful evidence: After law enforcement leaves, the building or public space returns to its normal use. The scene gets cleaned up, objects get moved and repairs are made. It's why judges order jurors in many trials not to visit the scene on their own.
Craig Trocino, a University of Miami law professor who has represented defendants appealing their death sentences, said the visit - combined with the myriad graphic videos and photos jurors have already seen - could open an avenue for Cruz's attorneys if they find themselves in the same situation.
"At some point evidence becomes inflammatory and prejudicial," he said. "The site visit may be a cumulative capstone."
Cruz's attorneys have argued that prosecutors have used evidence not just to prove their case, but to inflame the jurors' passions.
Prosecutors are expected to rest their case shortly after the visit.
On Wednesday, the jury also heard more impact statements from families who lost loved ones in the massacre,.
Among them, are Tony and Jennifer Montalto whose 14-year-old daughter Gina was killed.
They described the devastating effects on their family.
"Gina was kind, smart, and loved to read," her father Tony said as he recalled Gina saving a 2-year-old from drowning when Gina was just 10 years old.
Max Schacter said his family is broken too. His 14-year-old son Alex died in the mass shooting.
"Part of me will always be sad," said Schacter.
His son Brian read a poem that Alex had written and thrown in the trash before the day of the killings.
The poem was entitled "Life is like a roller coaster" and relates how the ups and downs of life resemble a fast-moving roller coaster.
Max Schacter has recited the poem on several occasions to honor his son's memory and illustrate the loss of a promising writer.
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