SEATTLE -- As harbor seals are being born in the Pacific Northwest this time of year, marine mammal advocates up and down the West Coast are urging people not to touch or pick up pups that come up on beaches and shorelines to rest.
At least five times this season, well-meaning people have illegally picked up seal pups in Oregon and Washington thinking they were abandoned or needed help, but that interference ultimately resulted in two deaths, said Michael Milstein, a spokesman with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
State wildlife officials had to euthanize one harbor seal pup last month after a woman picked it up on a beach in Westport, Washington, and apparently carried it back to a house in a shopping tote. The animal was later determined to be unresponsive and lethargic, Milstein said.
Another couple found a seal pup on the beach in Garibaldi, Oregon, and fearing the animal was alone or abandoned, wrapped the seal in a beach towel, put it in their car and placed it in their shower at home, said Kristin Wilkinson, NOAA's regional stranding coordinator.
Wildlife officers returned that seal to the beach where it was found but the animal was found dead the next day, she said. That couple received a written warning.
"It is an ongoing issue throughout the entire West Coast," said Justin Greenman, NOAA's assistant stranding coordinator for California. In recent years, with high death rates and strandings for sea lions and fur seals off the California coast, there have been some cases of people wanting to pick up and rescue sea lions, he said.
"We try to get the word out to leave them be," he added. Selfies with seals or sea lions are also a growing problem.
People's impulse is to rush in and help, but it's better to let nature run its course, she said. The risk in taking these animals off the beach is that adult seals may abandon their pups. "The best chance they have to survive is to stay wild," Wilkenson said.
Last month, in a case that garnered national attention, a Canadian man and his son loaded a bison calf into their SUV at Yellowstone National Park because they thought it was an abandoned newborn that would die without their help. The calf had to be killed because it couldn't be reunited with its herd after being handled.
"This is our Northwest version, apparently," Milstein said.
NOAA has launched a "Share the Shore" campaign to remind beachgoers to leave marine mammals alone, to stay at least 100 yards away and reduce other disturbances, such as keeping dogs on leashes. It's illegal to harass, disturb or try to move young seals or other marine mammals.
Wilkinson says they typically see six to 10 illegal animal handling cases a year, but the trend this year is concerning because they're happening earlier in the season and within a wider area.
Harbor seal pups are born along the West Coast, typically from February to May in California and from late spring to summer in the Northwest. They use beaches, docks and other shoreline areas to rest, regulate their body temperatures or wait for their mothers, who typically are nearby but may not come near the pups if there are too many people or other disturbances.
In April, Portland's Seaside Aquarium told CBS affiliate KOIN there were two reports of seal pup sightings on Oregon beaches. Officials said if a seal pup is alone on the beach, it is probably just resting while its mother hunts for food.
"What happens, they leave the babies on the beach and go feed themselves and come back and nurse," the Aquarium's Keith Chandler told KOIN. "Sometimes they have them in places where there area lot of people and that's when we have issues, when humans try to interact with them."
The pups are adorable, are friendly and will approach humans, but touching a baby seal hurts the chances of it reuniting with its mother, Chandler said. He emphasized that people should feel free to take pictures from a distance, but to give the animal space and leave it alone.
Jeff Boehm, executive director of The Marine Mammal Center in Northern California, said so far this year 18 marine mammals have been brought to his center because they were harassed or illegally picked up. Most were eventually released into the wild after being treated but three have died.
"These animals have an innate charm. When you see one on the beach, they just draw you in. They're small. They're vulnerable," he said, but people should really pause, take a step back and call local authorities who know best what to do with them.
NOAA wildlife officers in Washington are investigating a number of cases, including one in which a seal pup born prematurely parked up on the beach and a homeowner placed the animal in a tote and removed it, worried about bald eagles preying on the seal and making a mess on the beach, Wilkinson said.
Last month, a seal wasn't illegally picked up but the pup was killed after wildlife officials determined that too much traffic and people on the beach meant that the mother was not likely to reunite with her pup.
In another case, a woman picked up a seal and briefly put it in her car before someone else told her to put the animal back on the beach, said Marc Myrsell, who directs the Westport Aquarium and whose staff responded to that incident. That pup returned to the water on its own.
Last week, a pup was handled so extensively throughout the day by people with dogs at a beach park that wildlife responders determined the constant human interaction permanently separated the pup from its mother. People held the pup in their laps, cuddled it and pet the animal for many hours, she added.
That seal was eventually taken to a PAWS facility in Lynnwood, but experts say an animal's best chance for survival is in the wild.
With rehabilitation, "you're giving them a second start, but you might not be giving them all the tools they need," said Joe Gaydos, a wildlife veterinarian with SeaDoc Society. "They probably have a much better chance if they stay with their moms."