The family of an unarmed 26-year-old San Francisco Bay Area man is struggling to understand how aon the same day a jury in Minneapolis began considering similar circumstances in the George Floyd case.
Officers in Alameda, California, arrived April 19 to check out neighbors' reports that Mario Gonzalez was acting strangely in a park and appeared to be breaking the security tags off of alcohol bottles he had in two drugstore baskets.
He died after three officers and a civilian parking enforcement employee pinned him face down on the ground for more than five minutes, according to body camera video released this week by police amid three separate investigations. An attorney for the officers said they did nothing wrong.
The initial press release from the Alameda Police said that officers attempted to detain Gonzalez, and a "physical altercation ensued." Police said that Gonzalez then had a "medical emergency."
The video "presented a story that was really different," his brother, Jerry Gonzalez, told The Associated Press in an interview Wednesday. "The medical emergency that they're talking about was induced by three officers on his back."
Similarly, after the death of Floyd last year, the Minneapolis Police Department issued a news release saying that he had suffered "medical distress."
"The police killed my brother in the same manner that they killed George Floyd," Jerry Gonzalez said at a press conference outside City Hall on Tuesday. "There was no reason to detain him, let alone kill him. The APD took a calm situation and made it fatal."
Gonzalez liked to get away from their neighborhood in east Oakland, where gang shootings, robberies and murders are commonplace, and go to nearby Alameda, a city on an island with beautiful homes, tree-lined streets and many parks, his brother said.
He stopped breathing in a park at the end of a cul-de-sac of well-kept homes with manicured gardens.
The video shows that one officer put an elbow on his neck and a knee on his shoulder, while another appeared to put a knee on his back and leave it there for about four minutes as Gonzalez gasped for air, saying, "I didn't do nothing, OK?"
The union representing police officers did not respond to a request for comment. Alison Berry Wilkinson, an attorney representing the officers, told KTVU in Oakland that they "used the lowest degree of force possible given the intensity of Mr. Gonzalez's efforts to evade their grasp."
Gonzalez seemed intoxicated and disoriented and they were concerned he would fall, she said.
One officer put a knee on his back but only as a "balance point," Wilkinson said. "There was never a point in time where any officer's knee was on Mr. Gonzalez's neck. Nor was there a time when they were pressing down hard enough on his body to cause him not to breathe."
All three officers are on administrative leave. The city identified them Wednesday as Officer James Fisher, who has been with the Alameda Police Department since 2010, and Cameron Leahy and Eric McKinley who joined in 2018. The city said Civilian Parking Enforcement employee Charlie Clemmens was also involved.
The death is under investigation by the Alameda County Sheriff's Department, the district attorney's office and a former San Francisco city attorney hired by Alameda to lead an independent probe. All four employees have now been interviewed by both the sheriff's and district attorney's investigators, the city said.
Gonzalez died hours before the case against former Minneapolis police Officer Derek Chauvin went to the jury. The next day, Chauvin was convicted of murder and manslaughter for pinning Floyd to the pavement with his knee on the Black man's neck in a case that touched off a national reckoning over racism and police brutality.
As with Floyd, officers are routinely trained not to restrain people the way they did Gonzalez, said multiple use-of-force experts who viewed the video at the AP's request.
"Officers have been instructed to not keep handcuffed subjects prone (face-down) and to instead roll them onto their sides for going on 30 years," said Seth Stoughton, who teaches criminology and criminal justice at the University of South Carolina.
In this case, one officer recognized the danger, asking shortly before Gonzalez stopped breathing if they should roll him on his side. The other refuses, saying he doesn't want to lose his grip.
That was their fatal mistake, experts said.
"Once they're controlling him, as we learned from the Floyd trial with all those medical experts, this position or compression is deadly," said Geoffrey Alpert, a professor of criminology at the University of South Carolina and an expert on police use of force.
Moreover, officers are trained to take particular care with those like Gonzalez who may be especially vulnerable because of their body weight, intoxication or other factors, said Ed Obayashi, a use-of-force consultant to law enforcement agencies and a deputy sheriff and legal adviser for the Plumas County, California, sheriff's office.
Gonzalez weighed about 250 pounds (113 kilograms), and police said he appeared to be under the influence.
"Here it's pretty obvious this individual is suffering from compression restraint asphyxia," Obayashi said. "He's hyperventilating, he's obese, apparently he's been drinking ... Officers need to recognize those factors and take them into consideration."
Interim Police Chief Randy Fenn told KTVU-TV said the video was "troubling" and offered his condolences to Gonzalez's family. But he urged people to wait for the results of a full investigation.
"We don't even know the cause of death right now," he said. ""Video only tells part of the story, so we need the entire investigation to understand whether or not the actions were legal, consistent with training and within policy."
Gonzalez had a 4-year-old son, also named Mario, and was the main caretaker of his brother, who has autism and turned 23 on Tuesday, his family said.
"We need justice because we lost someone who was indispensable to our family," Gonzalez's mother told CBS station KPIX-TV last week. "Mario was a noble and decent man who didn't deserve to have his life ended in this way."
Gonzalez's mother, who lost another son two years ago, turned 45 the day after Mario died, his brother said.
"It was just heartbreaking having to see my mother see the last moments of her firstborn, which is something that no mother wants to endure," he said.
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