High Court To Debate Search Limits

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The Supreme Court said Monday that it would consider a government appeal that asks if a Las Vegas SWAT team went too far by breaking down the door of a suspected drug dealer while he took a shower.

An appeals court ruled that authorities acted unreasonably by using a battering ram to knock down Lashawn Lowell Banks' door just 15 to 20 seconds after demanding entrance. The masked officers found Banks naked and soapy, emerging from the bathroom.

They also found crack cocaine, but the San Francisco-based 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals determined that the evidence could not be used because the officers violated the constitutional ban on unreasonable searches and seizures.

The Bush administration urged the Supreme Court to use the case to clarify how long officers must wait during raids like the one on Banks' Las Vegas apartment. Justices will hear arguments in the case this fall.

The appeals court decision "creates significant uncertainty — and needless and potentially dangerous delays — in a recurring aspect of police practice," justices were told in a filing by Solicitor General Theodore Olson, the administration's top Supreme Court lawyer.

Olson said Banks could have flushed drugs down the toilet while officers waited outside his Nevada apartment in 1998.

"Fourth Amendment rules that are unduly complicated cannot give officers the guidance needed to make difficult on-the-spot judgments in the heat of the moment," Olson said in the filing.

Banks' attorney, Randall Roske, said if officers had waited just a few more seconds, "it might have afforded (Banks) the chance to have met the intruders with the small dignity of a towel. It is just this sort of privacy interest which is at the very core of the Fourth Amendment."

He also said in filings that the Supreme Court should not set rigid rules that a 20-second delay during a police raid is constitutional. Courts should handle questionable searches on a case-by-case base, Roske told the court.

Banks was sentenced to 11 years in prison for possession of drugs with intent to distribute and possession of a gun.

Officers knocked down the door after knocking and announcing that they had a search warrant. They forced Banks to the floor and handcuffed him, then moved him to a kitchen chair for questioning. Officers gave him some underwear, court records show.

The case is United States of America v. Banks, 02-473.

In related Supreme Court news:

  • The Supreme Court turned down an appeal over a requirement that women get in-person counseling before they can have an abortion, a case that could have reopened the emotional question of when restrictions on abortion become unconstitutional.
  • Former Louisiana Gov. Edwin Edwards lost a Supreme Court appeal Monday, four months after the 75-year-old one-time influential politician went to prison for extortion and racketeering.

    The justices also rejected without comment an appeal by Edwards' son, Stephen, who was convicted along with his father in a scheme to rig Louisiana's riverboat casino licensing process while Edwards was governor.

    One of the former governor's lawyers, Nathan Dershowitz, argued that the trial was tainted because of the dismissal of a juror after deliberations began, the use of an anonymous jury and questions about the legality of a wiretaps used to gather evidence.

  • The Supreme Court passed on a chance to debate the authenticity of kosher brisket, pastrami and baba ganoush.

    The justices refused, without comment, to consider reinstating New York laws that set standards for the labeling of kosher food.

  • The Supreme Court refused to consider whether judges can block reporters from talking to jurors after a trial.

    The court, without comment, rejected an appeal of a gag order in a high-profile case involving a New Jersey rabbi accused of arranging his wife's murder.