Health care workers around the nation rolled up their sleeves for the first COVID-19 shots Monday as hope that an all-out vaccination effort could defeat thesmacked up against the heartbreaking reality of .
"Relieved," proclaimed critical care nurse Sandra Lindsay after becoming one of the first to be inoculated at Long Island Jewish Medical Center in New York. "I feel like healing is coming."
With a countdown of "3-2-1," workers at Ohio State University's Wexner Medical Center gave initial injections to applause.
And in Colorado, Gov. Jared Polis personally opened the door to a FedEx delivery driver and signed for a package holding 975 precious frozen doses of vaccine made by Pfizer Inc. and its German partner BioNTech.
The shots kicked off what will become the largest vaccination effort in U.S. history, one that could finally conquer the outbreak. Dr. Valerie Briones-Pryor, who has been working in a COVID-19 unit at University of Louisville Hospital since March and recently lost her 27th patient to the virus, was among the first recipients of the vaccine.
"I want to get back to seeing my family," she said. "I want families to be able to get back to seeing their loved ones."
Some 145 sites around the country, from Rhode Island to Alaska, received shipments, with more deliveries set for the coming days. High-risk health care workers were first in line.
"This is 20,000 doses of hope," John Couris, president and chief executive of Tampa General Hospital said of the first delivery.
Nursing home residents
Nursing home residents also get priority, and a Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Bedford, Massachusetts, announced via Twitter that its first dose went to a 96-year-old World War II veteran, Margaret Klessens. Other nursing homes around the U.S. expect inoculations in the coming days.
The campaign began the same day the U.S death toll from the outbreak crossed the 300,000 threshold, according to the count kept by Johns Hopkins University. The number of dead rivals the population of St. Louis or Pittsburgh. It is more than five times the number of Americans killed in the Vietnam War, and equal to a 9/11 attack every day for more than 100 days.
"To think, now we can just absorb in our country 3,000 deaths a day as though it were just business as usual; it just represents a moral failing," said Jennifer Nuzzo, a public health researcher at Johns Hopkins.
Health experts know a wary public is watching the vaccination campaign, especially communities of color that have been hit hard by the pandemic but, because of an ongoing racial health disparities and research abuses against, have doubts about the vaccine.
Getting vaccinated is "a privilege," said Dr. Leonardo Seoane, chief academic officer at Ochsner Health in suburban New Orleans, after getting his dose. Seoane, who is Cuban American, urged "all of my Hispanic brothers and sisters to do it. It's OK."
Shipping 3 million doses
The nearlyare just a down payment on the amount needed. More of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine will arrive each week. And later this week, the FDA will decide whether to greenlight the world's second rigorously studied COVID-19 vaccine, made by Moderna Inc.
While the U.S. hopes for enough of both vaccines together to vaccinate 20 million people by the end of the month, and 30 million more in January, there won't be enough for the average person to get a shot until spring.
For now the hurdle is to rapidly get the vaccine into the arms of millions — not just doctors and nurses but other at-risk health workers such as janitors and food handlers. And then deliver a second dose three weeks later.
"We're also in the middle of a surge, and it's the holidays, and our health care workers have been working at an extraordinary pace," said Sue Mashni, chief pharmacy officer at Mount Sinai Health System in New York City.
Plus, the shots can cause temporary fever, fatigue and aches as they rev up people's immune systems, forcing hospitals to stagger employee vaccinations.
"A big hurdle"
Just half of Americans say they want to get vaccinated, while about a quarter don't and the rest are unsure, according to a recent poll by The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Health Research.
"I know it's going to be a big hurdle to convince people because it's new, it's uncertain," said intensive care nurse Helen Cordova, who received a vaccination card after getting a shot at Kaiser Permanente Los Angeles Medical Center. "This can be encouraging for others."
The FDA, considered the world's strictest medical regulator, said the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine, which was developed at breakneck speed less than a year after the virus was identified, appears safe and strongly protective, and the agency laid out the data in a daylong public meeting last week for scientists and consumers alike to see.
"We know it works well," said Ochsner infectious-disease expert Dr. Katherine Baumgarten, who got her shot on Day 1. "As soon as you can get it, please do so."
Still, the vaccine was cleared for emergency use before a final study in nearly 44,000 people was complete. That research is continuing to try to answer additional questions.
For example, while the vaccine is effective at preventing COVID-19 illness, it is not clear it will stop the symptomless spread that accounts for half of all cases.
The shots have yet to be studied in children and during pregnancy. But the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists said Sunday that vaccination should not be withheld from pregnant women who otherwise would qualify.
Also, regulators in Britain are investigating a few severe allergic reactions. The FDA instructed providers not to give the vaccine to those with a known history of severe allergic reactions to any of its ingredients.