WASHINGTON - Republicans battling with President Barack Obama over budget cuts plan to hold a House vote Thursday on one-week legislation to avoid a government shutdown, despite opposition from the White House and Senate Democrats pressing for a longer-term solution.
The party leaders debated as the clock ticked toward a midnight Friday deadline. Even a brief shutdown could affect a wide range of Americans, from troops fighting abroad to tourists planning trips to national parks.
The move by House Speaker John Boehner, R-Ohio, to advance the interim budget measure angered his Democratic negotiating counterparts and came after slower-than-hoped White House talks Wednesday night. The president said Republicans need to display more urgency, while Boehner said honest differences remain.
Thursday's GOP measure would combine a full-year Pentagon budget with a big slice of cuts to domestic programs as the price to keep the government running. Democrats and the White House oppose the idea, preferring to focus on the broader legislation and not forfeit leverage.
"It's going to require a sufficient sense of urgency," Mr. Obama said, "to complete a deal and get it passed and avert a shutdown."
Mr. Obama emerged before reporters to declare his differences with the House Republicans were narrowing but both sides were still stuck in an impasse.
"I thought the meetings were frank, they were constructive, and what they did was narrow the issues and clarify the issues that are still outstanding," Mr. Obama said. "I remain confident that if we're serious about getting something done, we should be able to complete a deal and get it passed and avert a shutdown. But it's going to require a sufficient sense of urgency from all parties involved."
After the late-night White House session, Boehner said: "We did have a productive conversation this evening. We do have some honest differences, but I do think we made some progress. ... There's an attempt on both sides to continue to work together to try to resolve this."
Boehner's move appeared aimed at shifting political blame if a shutdown occurs, but the announcement of Thursday's vote angered Democrats who felt talks were progressing.
"If you've gotten halfway to what you wanted, why not then make a deal that would avert a government shutdown and get to work on next year's budget," CBS News correspondent Nancy Cordes asked the Republican leader outside the White House.
"It would be easy to just fold your cards and go home," replied Boehner. "But that's not what the American people elected us to do."
With time running out, Mr. Obama vowed to personally oversee the ongoing talks, telling reporters on Wednesday night that he would check with the various Congressional staffs in the morning, and "go back at it again."
If the shutdown does happen, both sides are likely to shoulder a share of the blame, CBS News political analyst John Dickerson noted, though "somebody may lose more then the other."
"The House leaders [are] worried about 1995 ... where there was a shutdown and Republicans got blamed. Also this is the first chance for them to show that they are leaders. And what they've been saying privately is 'Look, we're the ones saying we're the adults here' and one test of adult leadership is at least keeping the government open," Dickerson said on "The Early Show" Thursday.
"The peril for the White House is that the president might be criticized for not having engaged sooner, and the big, big problem for the White House is the economy. If it takes a shock here from a shutdown, the one person who always gets blamed when the economy is bad, almost regardless of the reason, is the man in the oval office."
Democrats also said privately that the White House was infuriated after Rep. Jeb Hensarling, R-Texas the No. 4 House Republican accused Mr. Obama of leaving the talks to focus on his reelection campaign in official appearances in Pennsylvania and New York City.
Mr. Obama had already ruled out the weeklong measure Republicans intend to push through the House, and Senate Democrats have labeled it a non-starter. Republican officials said the details of the bill could yet change. But passage of any interim measure is designed to place the onus on the Democratic-controlled Senate to act if a shutdown is to be avoided.
At issue is legislation needed to keep the day-to-day operations of federal agencies going through the Sept. 30 end of the budget year. A Democratic-led Congress failed to complete the must-pass spending bills last year, setting the stage for Republicans assuming power in the House in January to pass a measure with $61 billion in cuts that even some GOP appropriators saw as unworkable. It was rejected in the Democratic-controlled Senate.
Meanwhile, Boehner told ABC News in an interview that he's in lockstep with tea partiers demanding severe budget cuts.
"Listen, there's no daylight between the tea party and me," he said. "What they want is, they want us to cut spending. They want us to deal with this crushing debt that's going to crush the future for our kids and grandkids. There's no daylight there."
Separately Wednesday, the White House used its unmatched megaphone to emphasize the stakes involved in the negotiations, arranging a briefing for the presidential press corps on the ramifications of a partial government shutdown.
The officials who spoke did so on condition of anonymity, under rules set by White House aides eager to apply pressure to congressional negotiators.
The officials said military personnel at home and abroad would receive one week's pay instead of two in their next checks. Among those affected would be troops in Iraq, Afghanistan and the region around Libya.
"If there's a shutdown and it starts affecting real people and men and women serving in the military, then it comes home very hard and you get real-world stories behind a shutdown and that can be politically very damaging," Dickerson said.
Tax audits would be suspended welcome news to some, no doubt but there were unhappy tidings for others. Income tax returns filed on paper would pile up at the IRS, and refunds would be delayed as a result.
National parks would close, as would the Smithsonian Institution and its world-class collection of museums clustered along the National Mall within sight of the Capitol. Officials were less clear about the Cherry Blossom Festival, scheduled for this weekend in Washington.
As for the broader talks, it appeared progress had been made on spending cuts demanded by Republicans, though Democrats warned that a series of unrelated GOP policy provisions remain unresolved.
Democrats have already ruled out agreeing to stop funding the year-old health care overhaul or to deny Planned Parenthood all federal money. And Reid has said he will not agree to any of the curbs Republicans want to place on the Environmental Protection Agency.
While the political wheels turned, hundreds of demonstrators rallied outside the Capitol, calling for budget cuts and a shutdown, if necessary, to get them.
"Shut the sucker down," one yelled, and the crowd repeatedly chanted, "Shut it down."