Arthur Phillip Freeman was ordered to stand trial Thursday in the death of his daughter, Darcey, in January.
Prosecutors told the Melbourne Magistrates' Court that 36-year-old Freeman was driving his three children across the West Gate Bridge when he stopped, lifted Darcey out and allegedly tossed her from the bridge.
Darcey Freeman fell 190 feet (58 meters) into the Yarra River and later died in the hospital.
Prosecutor Gavin Silbert said the incident happened moments after Freeman phoned his ex-wife and told her she would never see their children again.
Freeman did not apply for bail.