Ingrid Bergman (Aug. 29, 1915-Aug. 29, 1982) was renowned for the beauty, charm and strength she brought to the characters she played on film and the stage. An international star who won three Academy Awards, Bergman was both a celebrated icon of Hollywood's Golden Age, and the subject of gossip and tabloid press smears owing to her affair and marriage in the 1950s with Italian director Roberto Rossellini.
More than three decades after Bergman's death, she remains immortal. In honor of the centenary of her birth, view our gallery of career highlights.
Left: Bergman in the 1938 Swedish drama, "A Woman's Face."
By CBSNews.com senior producer David Morgan
Left: Ingrid Bergman as photographed by Ake Lange in 1935. (langefoto.se)
Born in Stockholm, Sweden on August 29, 1915, Ingrid Bergman lost her mother (a German native) when she was three years old, and her father when she was 12. The owner of a photography shop, he had encouraged her acting.
Ingrid would later work as a film extra, before attending the Royal Dramatic Theater School in Stockholm. She made her first appearance in a speaking role as a maid in the 1935 film, "Munkbrogreven."
"Walpurgis Night (Valborgsmassoafton)" (1935) was a romantic melodrama about a secretary (Ingrid Bergman) who has an affair with her married boss (Lars Hanson), only to find herself pregnant, and blackmailed following a visit to an abortionist. The film arrived in New York several years later, censored.
A world-famous violinist (Gosta Ekman) and a music student (Ingrid Bergman) begin a romantic duet, despite his married state, in the 1936 film "Intermezzo." The film was a major international success.
Ingrid Bergman in the 1936 Swedish production, "On the Sunny Side (På Solsidan)," a comedy about a bohemian who marries a wealthy country gentleman. Complications ensue once she invites her artistic friends (including a former beau) to her estate.
Variety noted in its review that Bergman "is pretty and capable, rating a Hollywood berth."
"A Woman's Face"
A woman disfigured since childhood is given a new face by a plastic surgeon, but is drawn into a murderous scheme by a duplicitous aristocrat in the melodrama "A Woman's Face (En Kvinnas Ansikte)" (1938). Joan Crawford starred in a 1941 Hollywood remake.
"A Woman's Face"
Ingrid Bergman, post-surgery, in "A Woman's Face" (1938).
"Intermezzo: A Love Story"
After her performance in "Intermezzo" was brought to the attention of Hollywood producer David O. Selznick, he bought the remake rights and brought Bergman to the U.S. to star in an English-language version.
"Intermezzo: A Love Story" (1939) co-starred Leslie Howard. The film's success tagged her as a bright new star.
Bergman returned to Sweden (and to her husband, Dr. Peter Lindstrom, and daughter, Pia, a future television journalist), to shoot the film "June Night (Juninatten)" (1940), in which she played a victim of both a lover's bullet and a tabloid press. She then returned to the United States.
Swedish actress Ingrid Bergman in New York City, January 20, 1940.
"Rage in Heaven"
In the thriller, "Rage in Heaven" (1941), Robert Montgomery played a man - who may be insane - who believes his wife (Ingrid Bergman) has been unfaithful, and concocts a plot to implicate her suspected lover.
An undated publicity photo of Ingrid Bergman.
"Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde"
Spencer Tracy, Lana Turner and Ingrid Bergman in the 1941 thriller, "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde."
"Of all the gin joints, in all the towns, in all the world, she walks into mine."
In the World War II drama "Casablanca" (1944), Ingrid Bergman stars as Ilsa, once romantically involved with Rick (Humphrey Bogart), who must use her past relationship with the nightclub owner to obtain exit visas from Morocco for herself and her husband, a leader of the Czech Resistance on the run from the Nazis.
"If that plane leaves the ground and you're not with him, you'll regret it. Maybe not today. Maybe not tomorrow, but soon and for the rest of your life."
Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman in the finale of "Casablanca" (1944). The film received eight Academy Award nominations and won three Oscars, including for Best Picture and Best Director (Michael Curtiz).
"Joan of Lorraine"
In 1946 Sam Wanamaker and Ingrid Bergman starred in the New York production of Maxwell Anderson's "Joan of Lorraine," about actors putting on a play about Joan of Arc. Bergman won the Tony Award for Best Actress.
"For Whom the Bell Tolls"
Ingrid Bergman in Ernest Hemingway's tale of the Spanish Civil War, "For Whom the Bell Tolls" (1943), which costarred Gary Cooper. She earned her first Oscar nomination.
The two reteamed for the 1945 film version of Edna Ferber's "Saratoga Trunk."
An undated portrait of actress Ingrid Bergman.
In the suspense film "Gaslight" (1944), Ingrid Bergman played the wife of a man (Charles Boyer) who is trying to slowly drive her insane.
Who's crazy now? Ingrid Bergman gets the upper hand against Charles Boyer in "Gaslight."
Academy Award Winners
Bing Crosby, honored for his performance in "Going My Way," and Ingrid Bergman, recognized for her role in "Gaslight," compare their Oscars in Los Angeles, March 15, 1945.
In Alfred Hitchcock's "Spellbound" (1945), Ingrid Bergman played a psychoanalyst treating the new head of the psychiatric institution (Gregory Peck), whose amnesia masks the turmoil within his subconscious that may also be masking a murder.
Ingrid Bergman in costume for a section of a Salvador Dali-designed dream sequence that was ultimately cut from Alfred Hitchcock's "Spellbound."
"The Bells of St. Mary's"
Ingrid Bergman starred as Sister Mary Benedict in "The Bells of St. Mary's" (1945), a sequel to "Going My Way," in which she and Father Chuck O'Malley (Bing Crosby) try to save an inner-city school from closing.
In Alfred Hitchcock's "Notorious" (1946), Ingrid Bergman plays a woman with a colored past who is recruited by an American intelligence agent (Cary Grant) to infiltrate a gang of Nazis in South America. It was one of the director's greatest films, with a two-minute long kissing scene between Grant and Bergman that flouted the Hays Code's prohibitions against long kisses.
"I am married to an American agent."
Leopoldine Konstantin and Claude Rains are Nazis in South America who are faced with an inconvenient new member of the family (Ingrid Bergman) in Alfred Hitchcock's "Notorious."
Director Alfred Hitchcock on the set of "Notorious" with stars Ingrid Bergman and Cary Grant.
A "Notorious" publicity shot of Ingrid Bergman.
"Arch of Triumph"
Set in pre-war Paris, "Arch of Triumph" (1948) reunited the stars of "Gaslight" (Ingrid Bergman and Charles Boyer) as a doctor who saves a refugee from suicide, only to become romantically involved with her.
"Joan of Arc"
Ingrid Bergman's performance in the title role of "Joan of Arc" (1949) earned the actress her fourth Academy Award nomination.
Ingrid Bergman's third film for Alfred Hitchcock was the director's period romantic drama, "Under Capricorn" (1949), costarring Michael Wilding (left) and Joseph Cotton.
Ingrid Bergman had admired the work of Italian director Roberto Rossellini ("Rome, Open City," "Paisan," and "Germany, Year Zero"). The two agreed to collaborate on "Stromboli" (1950), about a young WWII refugee who marries an Italian fisherman, only to feel displaced and isolated upon moving to his island home. There's also a volcanic eruption.
The real eruption was in the press once it was learned that Bergman and Rossellini - both married, both with children - began an affair during production.
Roberto Rossellini and Ingrid Bergman
Italian film director Roberto Rossellini and actress Ingrid Bergman are photographed at the Excelsior Hotel in Rome, April 20, 1949.
Swedish actress Ingrid Bergman is photographed on the streets of Rome on April 24, 1950, after the birth in February of a baby boy. Bergman, who divorced her surgeon husband, Peter Lindstrom, married Italian film director Roberto Rossellini in May 1950.
Ingrid Bergman next starred in Robert Rossellini's "Europa '51" (1952), the neorealist director's vision of the life of St. Francis of Assini transplanted to post-war Italy. Bergman played an ambassador's wife who takes on helping the downtrodden as her new mission in life.
Although the film faced heavy political censorship upon its release, it received accolades at the Venice Film Festival.
Ingrid Bergman in Robert Rossellini's neorealist drama, "Europa '51."
Actress Ingrid Bergman bends over the beds of her twins, Isotta Ingrid Rossellini (left) and Isabella Rossellini, at the Rossellinis' villa at Santa Marinella, north of Rome, on July 9, 1952.
An undated photo of Ingrid Bergman with her children with Roberto Rosselini, including Robertino (born February 1950), and her twin daughters Isotta and Isabella (born June 1952).
An unfaithful wife (Ingrid Bergman) becomes a target of blackmail in the 1954 drama, "Fear (La Paura)." It was her fifth and final film with director Roberto Rossellini.
"Elena and Her Men"
Ingrid Bergman left husband Roberto Rossellini in 1956, divorcing the following year.
She worked with director Jean Renoir in his 1956 romantic comedy, "Elena and Her Men" (left). She starred as a newly-engaged Polish princess who finds potential suitors crawling out of the woodwork in Paris.
"Paris Does Strange Things"
"Elena and Her Men" was retitled as "Paris Does Strange Things" for its U.S. release.
In "Anastasia" (1956), Ingrid Bergman played a woman central to a Russian general's plot to impersonate the youngest daughter of the murdered Czar Nicholas II. Helen Hayes costarred as the Dowager Empress Marie Feodorovna, who must be convinced that Anna Koreff is the Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna.
Bergman won her second Oscar for Best Actress for her performance.
"The Inn of the Sixth Happiness"
Ingrid Bergman played British missionary Gladys Aylward in Asia in the 1958 drama, "The Inn of the Sixth Happiness," which took great liberties with the life and story of its historical subject. The mountains of Wales stood in for pre-World War II China.
In Stanley Donen's romantic comedy "Indiscreet" (1958), Cary Grant plays a bachelor tycoon who pretends to be married, which only beguiles Ingrid Bergman's character all the more as she falls in love with him.
The philandering of Yves Montand (left, with Jackie Lane) only drives lover Ingrid Bergman into the arms of Anthony Perkins in the 1961 romantic drama, "Goodbye Again."
"The Yellow Rolls-Royce"
In the anthology film 'The Yellow Rolls-Royce" (1965), directed by Anthony Asquith, Omar Sharif played a Yugoslavian fleeing the Nazis who uses a traveling American (Ingrid Bergman) to make his escape.
Actress Ingrid Bergman with her daughter, Pia Lindstrom, in her dressing room in Los Angeles on Sept. 12, 1967, following the opening night's performance of Eugene O'Neill's "More Stately Mansions." The production later moved to Broadway.
Bergman appeared on the New York stage twice more, in George Bernard Shaw's "Captain Brassbound's Conversion" (1972), and W. Somerset Maugham's "The COnstant Wife" (1975).
In the 1969 comedy "Cactus Flower," Ingrid Bergman starred as the assistant of a dentist (Walter Matthau) who agrees to masquerade as his wife in order to fool the dentist's lover (played by Oscar-winner Goldie Hawn).
"A Walk in the Spring Rain"
Ingrid Bergman and Anthony Quinn in the 1970 romantic melodrama, "A Walk in the Spring Rain."
"Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler"
Ingrid Bergman appeared in "From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler" (a.k.a. "The Hideaways")(1973), based on E.L. Kongsburg's novel about children who run away to live at New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art.
"Murder on the Orient Express"
Ingrid Bergman starred as Greta Ohlsson, a missionary and one of a baker's dozen suspects being interrogated by detective Hercule Poirot (Albert Finney) in Sidney Lumet's 1974 film of the Agatha Christie thriller, "Murder on the Orient Express."
Ingrid Bergman won her third Academy Award for her supporting performance in "Murder on the Orient Express."
"A Matter of Time"
In Vincente Minnelli's musical fantasy "A Matter of Time" (1978), starring Liza Minnelli, Ingrid Bergman co-starred as Countess Sanziani.
The movie - which featured Bergman's "Gaslight" and "Arch of Triumph" costar Charles Boyer as her husband, Count Sanziani - also included the first film appearance by Bergman's daughter, Isabella Rossellini.
Ingrid Bergman's final feature film performance was in Swedish director Ingmar Bergman's "Autumn Sonata" (1978), costarring with Liv Ullman, as an estranged mother and daughter reconnecting after several years.
Bergman received her seventh Academy Award nomination, for Best Actress.
"A Woman Called Golda"
Ingrid Bergman played Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir in the 1982 TV movie, "A Woman Called Golda."
Three weeks after Bergman died, in London on August 29, 1982 at age 67, she was awarded an Emmy for her performance.
Cannes Film Festival
Workers place a banner depicting actress Ingrid Bergman on the Palais during preparations for the 68th international film festival in Cannes, southern France, Monday, May 11, 2015. The festival hosted the debut of a new documentary, "Ingrid Bergman: In Her Own Words," which will be released in U.S. theatres in November 2015.
An undated, signed portrait of Ingrid Bergman, auctioned in 2013 by Profiles in History.