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Who voted to expel George Santos? Here's the count on the House expulsion resolution

George Santos expulsion vote details
Breaking down the George Santos expulsion vote and what happens next 11:56

Washington — House lawmakers voted to expel GOP Rep. George Santos from Congress on Friday, making him just the sixth member in U.S. history to be ousted by a vote of his colleagues.

The final vote count on the resolution to expel Santos was 311 to 114, far surpassing the two-thirds majority required under the Constitution to succeed. 

Among Republicans, 105 members voted to kick him out, and 112 voted against doing so. Democrats were more united: 206 said he should be ousted, while just two voted against expulsion. (Eight members — three Democrats and five Republicans — did not vote, and two Democrats voted "present.")

Santos' tenure on Capitol Hill lasted less than a year and was tainted by scandals that resulted in a slew of federal charges and a damning Ethics Committee report that seemed to convince many of his Republican colleagues that he could no longer serve. Santos has pleaded not guilty to all charges and rebuffed calls for him to resign.

How many votes are needed to expel a member of Congress?

Article I, section 5 of the Constitution stipulates that the House and the Senate can expel members if two-thirds of the chamber support doing so.

That two-thirds threshold applies to those voting on any given day, not the total number of members, which can fluctuate if seats are left vacant by resignation or the death of a lawmaker. If all 435 House members had voted on Friday, the magic number for Santos' expulsion would have been 290, but since eight members missed the vote, the threshold was 285. (The resolution would have passed easily either way.)

Here is the breakdown of the vote on the Santos expulsion resolution, formally known as House Resolution 878, according to the tally kept by the House clerk:

Who voted to expel George Santos from the House?

Republicans 🔴Democrats 🔵
Aderholt, AlabamaAdams, North Carolina
Allen, GeorgiaAguilar, California
Amodei, NevadaAllred, Texas
Armstrong, North DakotaAmo, Rhode Island
Bacon, NebraskaAuchincloss, Massachusetts
Balderson, OhioBalint, Vermont
Barr, KentuckyBarragán, California
Bentz, OregonBeatty, Ohio
Bergman, MichiganBera, California
Bice, OklahomaBeyer, Virginia
Buck, ColoradoBishop, Georgia
Bucshon, IndianaBlumenauer, Oregon
Burgess, TexasBlunt Rochester, Delaware
Calvert, CaliforniaBonamici, Oregon
Carey, OhioBowman, New York
Carter, GeorgiaBoyle, Pennsylvania
Chavez-DeRemer, OregonBrown, Ohio
Ciscomani, ArizonaBrownley, California
Cole, OklahomaBudzinski, Illinois
Comer, KentuckyBush, Missouri
Crenshaw, TexasCaraveo, Colorado
Curtis, UtahCarbajal, California
D'Esposito, New YorkCárdenas, California
De La Cruz, TexasCarson, Indiana
Diaz-Balart, FloridaCarter, Louisiana
Duarte, CaliforniaCartwright, Pennsylvania
Dunn, FloridaCasar, Texas
Edwards, North CarolinaCase, Hawaii
Ellzey, TexasCasten, Illinois
Estes, KansasCastor, Florida
Feenstra, IowaCastro, Texas
Ferguson, GeorgiaCherfilus-McCormick, Florida
Fitzpatrick, PennsylvaniaChu, California
Flood, NebraskaClark, Massachusetts
Foxx, North CarolinaClarke, New York
Scott Franklin, FloridaCleaver, Missouri
Garbarino, New YorkClyburn, South Carolina
Garcia, Mike, CaliforniaCohen, Tennessee
Gimenez, FloridaConnolly, Virginia
Gonzales, Tony, TexasCorrea, California
Granger, TexasCosta, California
Graves, LouisianaCourtney, Connecticut
Green, TennesseeCraig, Minnesota
Grothman, WisconsinCrockett, Texas
Guest, MississippiCrow, Colorado
Guthrie, KentuckyCuellar, Texas
Hinson, IowaDavids, Kansas
Houchin, IndianaDavis, Illinois
Hudson, North CarolinaDavis, North Carolina
James, MichiganDean, Pennsylvania
Johnson, South DakotaDeGette, Colorado
Joyce, OhioDeLauro, Connecticut
Joyce, PennsylvaniaDelBene, Washington
Kean, New JerseyDeluzio, Pennsylvania
Kiggans, VirginiaDeSaulnier, California
Kiley, CaliforniaDingell, Michigan
Kim, CaliforniaDoggett, Texas
LaHood, IllinoisEscobar, Texas
LaLota, New YorkEshoo, California
Langworthy, New YorkEspaillat, New York
Latta, OhioEvans, Pennsylvania
LaTurner, KansasFletcher, Texas
Lawler, New YorkFoster, Illinois
Letlow, LouisianaFoushee, North Carolina
Lucas, OklahomaLois Frankel, Florida
Malliotakis, New YorkFrost, Florida
Maloy, UtahGallego, Arizona
Mann, KansasGaramendi, California
McClain, MichiganGarcía, Illinois
Meuser, PennsylvaniaGarcia, Texas
Miller, OhioRobert Garcia, California
Miller-Meeks, IowaGolden, Maine
Molinaro, New YorkGoldman, New York
Moore, UtahGomez, California
Moran, TexasGonzalez, Vicente, Texas
Murphy, North CarolinaGottheimer, New Jersey
Newhouse, WashingtonGrijalva, Arizona
Nunn, IowaHarder, California
Obernolte, CaliforniaHayes, Connecticut
Owens, UtahHiggins, New York
Pence, IndianaHimes, Connecticut
Pfluger, TexasHorsford, Nevada
Rogers, KentuckyHoulahan, Pennsylvania
Rose, TennesseeHoyer, Maryland
Rouzer, North CarolinaHoyle, Oregon
Rutherford, FloridaHuffman, California
Schweikert, ArizonaIvey, Maryland
Austin Scott, GeorgiaJackson, North Carolina
Simpson, IdahoJacobs, California
Smith, New JerseyJayapal, Washington
Smucker, PennsylvaniaJeffries, New York
Stauber, MinnesotaJohnson, Georgia
Steel, CaliforniaKamlager-Dove, California
Steil, WisconsinKaptur, Ohio
Thompson, PennsylvaniaKeating, Massachusetts
Valadao, CaliforniaKelly, Illinois
Van Drew, New JerseyKhanna, California
Wagner, MissouriKildee, Michigan
Webster, FloridaKilmer, Washington
Wenstrup, OhioKim, New Jersey
Westerman, ArkansasKrishnamoorthi, Illinois
Williams, New YorkKuster, New Hampshire
Womack, ArkansasLandsman, Ohio
Yakym, IndianaLarsen, Washington
Zinke, MontanaLarson, Connecticut

Lee, California

Lee, Nevada

Lee, Pennsylvania

Leger Fernandez, New Mexico

Levin, California

Lieu, California

Lofgren, California

Lynch, Massachusetts

Magaziner, Rhode Island

Manning, North Carolina

Matsui, California

McBath, Georgia

McClellan, Virginia

McCollum, Minnesota

McGarvey, Kentucky

McGovern, Massachusetts

Meeks, New York

Menendez, New Jersey

Meng, New York

Mfume, Maryland

Moore, Wisconsin

Morelle, New York

Moskowitz, Florida

Moulton, Massachusetts

Mrvan, Indiana

Mullin, California

Nadler, New York

Napolitano, California

Neal, Massachusetts

Neguse, Colorado

Nickel, North Carolina

Norcross, New Jersey

Omar, Minnesota

Pallone, New Jersey

Panetta, California

Pappas, New Hampshire

Pascrell, New Jersey

Payne, New Jersey

Pelosi, California

Peltola, Alaska

Perez, Washington

Peters, California

Pettersen, Colorado

Pingree, Maine

Pocan, Wisconsin

Porter, California

Pressley, Massachusetts

Quigley, Illinois

Ramirez, Illinois

Raskin, Maryland

Ross, North Carolina

Ruiz, California

Ruppersberger, Maryland

Ryan, New York

Salinas, Oregon

Sánchez, California

Sarbanes, Maryland

Scanlon, Pennsylvania

Schakowsky, Illinois

Schiff, California

Schneider, Illinois

Scholten, Michigan

Schrier, Washington

David Scott, Georgia

Sewell, Alabama

Sherman, California

Sherrill, New Jersey

Slotkin, Michigan

Smith, Washington

Sorensen, Illinois

Soto, Florida

Spanberger, Virginia

Stansbury, New Mexico

Stanton, Arizona

Stevens, Michigan

Strickland, Washington

Swalwell, California

Sykes, Ohio

Takano, California

Thanedar, Michigan

Thompson, California

Thompson, Mississippi

Titus, Nevada

Tlaib, Michigan

Tokuda, Hawaii

Tonko, New York

Torres, California

Torres, New York

Trahan, Massachusetts

Trone, Maryland

Underwood, Illinois

Vargas, California

Vasquez, New Mexico

Veasey, Texas

Velázquez, New York

Wasserman Schultz, Florida

Waters, California

Watson Coleman, New Jersey

Wexton, Virginia

Wild, Pennsylvania

Wilson, Florida

Who voted to keep Santos in the House?

Republicans 🔴 Democrats 🔵
Alford, MissouriScott, Virginia
Arrington, TexasWilliams, Georgia
Babin, Texas
Baird, Indiana
Banks, Indiana
Bean, Florida
Biggs, Arizona
Bilirakis, Florida
Bishop, North Carolina
Boebert, Colorado
Bost, Illinois
Brecheen, Oklahoma
Buchanan, Florida
Burchett, Tennessee
Burlison, Missouri
Cammack, Florida
Carl, Alabama
Carter, Texas
Cline, Virginia
Cloud, Texas
Clyde, Georgia
Collins, Georgia
Crane, Arizona
Davidson, Ohio
DesJarlais, Tennessee
Donalds, Florida
Duncan, South Carolina
Emmer, Minnesota
Ezell, Mississippi
Fallon, Texas
Finstad, Minnesota
Fischbach, Minnesota
Fitzgerald, Wisconsin
Fleischmann, Tennessee
Fry, South Carolina
Fulcher, Idaho
Gaetz, Florida
Gallagher, Wisconsin
Good, Virginia
Gooden, Texas
Gosar, Arizona
Graves, Missouri
Greene, Georgia
Griffith, Virginia
Hageman, Wyoming
Harris, Maryland
Harshbarger, Tennessee
Hern, Oklahoma
Higgins, Louisiana
Hill, Arkansas
Huizenga, Michigan
Hunt, Texas
Issa, California
Jackson, Texas
Johnson, Louisiana
Jordan, Ohio
Kelly, Mississippi
Kustoff, Tennessee
LaMalfa, California
Lamborn, Colorado
Lee, Florida
Lesko, Arizona
Loudermilk, Georgia
Luetkemeyer, Missouri
Luna, Florida
Luttrell, Texas
Mace, South Carolina
Massie, Kentucky
Mast, Florida
McCaul, Texas
McClintock, California
McCormick, Georgia
McHenry, North Carolina
Miller, Illinois
Miller, West Virginia
Mills, Florida
Moolenaar, Michigan
Mooney, West Virginia
Moore, Alabama
Nehls, Texas
Norman, South Carolina
Ogles, Tennessee
Palmer, Alabama
Perry, Pennsylvania
Posey, Florida
Reschenthaler, Pennsylvania
Rogers, Alabama
Rosendale, Montana
Roy, Texas
Salazar, Florida
Santos, New York
Scalise, Louisiana
Self, Texas
Sessions, Texas
Smith, Missouri
Smith, Nebraska
Spartz, Indiana
Stefanik, New York
Steube, Florida
Strong, Alabama
Tenney, New York
Tiffany, Wisconsin
Timmons, South Carolina
Turner, Ohio
Van Duyne, Texas
Van Orden, Wisconsin
Walberg, Michigan
Waltz, Florida
Weber, Texas
Williams, Texas
Wilson, South Carolina
Wittman, Virginia

Who voted "present"?

Democrats 🔵
Al Green, Texas
Jackson, Illinois

Who didn't vote?

Republicans 🔴 Democrats 🔵
Crawford, ArkansasJackson Lee, Texas
Johnson, OhioOcasio-Cortez, New York
Kelly, PennsylvaniaPhillips, Minnesota
McCarthy, California
Rodgers, Washington
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