Debra Baker tells people she has TiVo. But she really doesn't.
The 33-year-old New York tax consultant has a variant - a digital video recorder offered through her cable company. She didn't know what "DVR" stood for until then.
"I thought DVR was Time Warner's name for TiVo," she said.
So, like many others, Baker simply uses the leading DVR brand as the catchall term for the new love in her lounging life: a machine that lets her easily record her favorite TV shows and watch them whenever she wants.
It's a flattering curse for TiVo, whose revolutionary technology records TV programs without the hassles of videotape, letting users pause live TV, do instant replays and begin watching programs even before the recording has finished.
As more clones crop up, the pioneer that helped popularize DVRs is in danger of becoming marginalized.
"TiVo was the proponent of time-shifting TV and their name is synonymous with it, but everyone else in the world that puts together a set-top box is doing the same thing and that's not helping TiVo," said Mike Paxton, analyst at In-Stat/MDR.
The key ingredients of a DVR are a hard drive to store video, an electronic programming guide to facilitate recording, and software to tie together the technology and give the user navigational control.
DVRs are primarily reaching the mass market through cable companies, and TiVo has yet to get its software, including its widely touted user interface, into their DVR-equipped set-top boxes. They are instead using unbranded DVR software from their longtime set-top-box suppliers - Scientific Atlanta and Motorola.
"The cable train has left without TiVo onboard, and I don't think they're coming back for TiVo," said Sean Badding, an analyst with The Carmel Group.
TiVo's code also is missing from Panasonic's combination DVD Recorder-DVR and Mitsubishi's upcoming HDTV receiver with a 120-gigabyte DVR. Sharp is building DVR capabilities directly into some of its LCD TVs, again without TiVo.
At the end of 2003, more than a third of the 3.5 million U.S. households with DVRs had TiVo's software and services, according to Forrester Research. More than half of that comes though TiVo's partnership with DirecTV, which has been offering DVR services with its satellite offerings for years.
But as DVRs gain in popularity - Forrester predicts nearly half of American households will have a DVR by 2009 - TiVo may be hard-pressed to hold on to its leading market share.
Time Warner Cable was the first cable operator to launch a DVR in July 2002. Just 18 months later, 370,000 DVR customers were paying an extra $4.95 to $9.95 a month for the service. Comcast Corp., Charter Communications Inc. and nearly every major cable operator all plan to widely deploy DVRs this year.
"If Time Warner hadn't come out with a DVR, I would have considered a TiVo by now," said Robert Meyer, a 42-year-old finance portfolio manager from New York.
Dave Watson, a Comcast executive vice president, said choosing Scientific Atlanta and Motorola's technologies was simply the fastest path available to deliver DVR services. Comcast did a brief test with TiVo in 2000 and remains "in touch with TiVo, but there's nothing specific beyond that," Watson said.
TiVo, based in Alviso, Calif., has knocked on the cable industry's doors for years - and admittedly changed its take-my-TiVo approach to a more flexible tactic of designing its software around the cable industry's needs.
"It's a kinder, gentler TiVo now," said TiVo president Marty Yudkovitz. "It's about building what your customer wants."
But why should cable companies pay more to get TiVo's technology and brand name when they already have apparently good enough DVR features from their entrenched partners?
TiVo's co-founder and chief executive, Mike Ramsey, maintains that clones can't compete with such hallmark TiVO features as automatically recording shows based on keywords, such as favorite actor, director or sports team. Unlike cable DVRs, TiVo machines also can guess what programs a user might enjoy based on viewing habits.
"This brain-dead knockoff stuff is not going to work," said Ramsey. "People's expectations are going to rise. They're going to hear about TiVo's (features) and they're going to want it."
But customers of cable's offerings seem satisfied.
Baker, a TV-holic who never owned a TiVo before, considers her new cable DVR system "the greatest invention" - and easy enough to use that she never needed an operating manual.
Baker and her husband also appreciated the lack of upfront investment costs to get the cable DVR.
The cable company installed the digital cable box for the Bakers and charges $8.95 a month. TiVo charges subscribers $12.95 a month or $299 for the life of the unit, on top of the $150 or more to get the standalone equipment.
With all this competition from cable companies, now is a critical time for TiVo to turn its No. 1 brand into real sales, Forrester analyst Josh Bernoff said.
An additional threat may also be lurking if DirecTV decides to instead use the xTV DVR technology from its new sister Rupert Murdoch company, NDS Group.
TiVo executives are confident their deal with DirecTV is secure, but allying with cable remains a top priority. Getting into cable boxes would give TiVo a broad footprint to help drive its advertising business, which Ramsey sees as key to TiVo's future.
The company, meanwhile, says it has 60 foreign and domestic DVR-related patents and more pending, and won't hesitate to use them in court against competitors it deems infringers.
TiVo sued Echostar in January, claiming the satellite TV operator's DVR violates TiVo's patent for a "multimedia time warping system" that allows a user to store a TV program and watch another program at the same time.
But for now, even without a cable deal, TiVo is thriving and aims to become profitable by the end of 2005.
The company also estimates it will more than double subscribers almost 3 million by the end of January 2005. The company has earmarked $50 million in marketing and promotional rebates.
"This is it. This is their shot to get a whole lot of new subscribers before cable DVR subscribers really take off," Bernoff said. "And we'll see if they'll be a hitting a dribbler back to the pitcher or a home run."
By May Wong