"For the seventh-consecutive Monday, the Dow Jones industrial average
started the week with a decline, just the latest statistical proof that
investors remain wary of stocks," the article states.
I did my own calculations, and the odds of the Dow moving in the same direction for seven consecutive days (or Mondays) are exactly one in 64. Meaning that if you search for patterns such as the Dow versus a certain day of the month, week, year, or even coin flips, on average you will find one in every 64 that has seven consecutive movements in the same direction.
Now if there is real statistical proof that investors remain wary of stocks, surely the Dow would have fallen over this period covering seven Mondays. Well, in actuality, the Dow was up 5 percent, which translates to an annual rate of growth of 42.4 percent. That, too, doesn't seem to support the "statistical proof" that investors remain wary of stocks.
To have such proof, one actually needs statistical data. The reporter who wrote the story, Adam Shell, did not respond to my request for this data or to my pointing out that the Dow was up over that same period.
What Shell appears to have done is essentially engage in some creative data-mining, or finding patterns out of randomness, and then wrongly inferred a causal relationship. Earlier this year, he also wrote about the so-called January barometer predicting a good year for stocks in 2012. This is based on a pattern that, if stocks rise in January, they will rise for the rest of the year. Unfortunately, there was no mention that following the advice in his piece on the 2011 January barometer would have cost you money.
Don't mistake the future for the past
There are two key lessons here for investors. First, it is hard to accept that the future is far more uncertain than we think. The reality is that when it comes to the stock market, we leap to flawed conclusions in explaining the past, only to compound that folly by thinking we can extrapolate those flawed conclusions to the future. And though it's a very uncomfortable feeling to accept that we don't know how stocks will do over the next year, it's also the most profitable conclusion, and prevents us from making bets on bogus statistical proof.
The second lesson is to be very wary of analysis that purports to explain either the past or, especially, the future of the stock market. Wall Street has highly creative ways of transferring your money to its pocket, and never forget that much of the media is friendly to, or at least insufficiently skeptical of, Wall Street.