An exchange of new, Saddam-free notes for the old will begin Oct. 15 and the old currency will be out of circulation by early 2004, L. Paul Bremer, the head of the American administration, said in a national address.
Bremer also announced approval of a $6.4 billion budget for the remainder of 2003 and establishment of an independent Central Bank.
Officials said the main goal of the swap was to increase the money supply and variety of denominations, but a side benefit is that the currency will lose the pictures of Saddam.
The new bills will be based on a design used in Iraq before Saddam's 1990 invasion of Kuwait, and they do not feature Saddam's face. The bills will be exchanged at a one-to-one parity.
A severe shortage of Iraqi dinars led U.S. administrators in June to order the printing of millions of new 250 dinar notes, even though they bore Saddam's likeness. They continue to print millions of the old bills every day.
The dinar's value has varied widely, dropping as low as 3,000 to the dollar before recovering. It is currently trading at about 1,400 to the dollar.
The new bills will be available in six denominations ranging from just 50 dinars — about 4 cents — to 25,000 dinars — about $18, making it easier for Iraqis to do business. Currently, Iraqis must carry around huge wads of 250 dinar notes, each worth less than a quarter.