The march by about 2,000 demonstrators to the U.S. Embassy Thursday came amid growing calls for U.S. intervention.
"No more Taylor! We want Bush! We want peace," said demonstator Andrew N'golo. "We are prepared to give our bodies as living sacrifices if that's what it takes to bring peace to Liberia."
The marchers chanted slogans praising Mr. Bush, whose administration repeated its call for Liberia President Charles Taylor to resign.
Mr. Bush told various African news media, including the African service of the Voice of America that he won't take a "no" from Taylor. He added that the Liberian president must step down for the sake of his country and to ensure peace.
Taylor, indicted by the United Nations for war crimes, is battling a three-year insurgency to unseat him from power.
He said he welcomed the possibility that U.S. troops might be among an international peacekeeping force. ``It makes a lot of sense for peacekeepers to arrive in this city before I transit,'' Taylor told a meeting of Liberian clerics in the capital of Monrovia.
``I welcome and will embrace the presence of American troops in Liberia. I think it will be essential for stability,'' he said. ``I don't understand why the United States government would insist that I be absent before its soldiers arrive.''
France, Britain and U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan would like to see the United States lead a multinational peacekeeping force. African nations have also offered 3,000 troops for deployment.
President Bush's senior security advisers are split on whether to send U.S. troops to Liberia, which could make it harder for him to make a decision before his five-nation trip to Africa on Monday.
There were no reports of arrests or injuries. But across town, a few hundred supporters of Taylor said his departure would set a precedent for Washington to topple any African leader it wants.
Defense officials said the U.S. military commander in Europe has been ordered to begin planning for possible American intervention in Liberia.
Specifics on the number and types of U.S. troops are still to be worked out and approved by President Bush, but National Security Adviser Condoleezza Rice said Mr. Bush has made no decision yet on how the United States will address the crisis. She reiterated Thursday that Taylor "needs to leave because Charles Taylor is the problem."
Secretary of State Colin Powell said he was consulting the United Nations and leaders in Africa, and spoke of "a severe humanitarian crisis emerging" in Liberia as well as the safety of American diplomats there. "All of these factors are being taken into consideration."
Former President Jimmy Carter also said the U.S. should intervene in Liberia. "American leadership now is critical to create the security on which long-term stability for Liberia and the region can be built," said Carter in a statement released by his foundation, the Atlanta-based Carter Center.
A directive called a "warning order" was sent overnight to European commander Gen. James Jones, asking him to give the Pentagon his estimate of how the situation in the West African nation might be handled.
Mr. Bush is trying to decide how to respond to international pressure that he send up to 2,000 troops to help enforce a cease-fire in the country wracked by fighting between forces loyal to President Charles Taylor and rebel groups trying to oust him.
"One thing has to happen: Mr. Taylor needs to leave the country," Mr. Bush said. "In order for there to be peace and stability in Liberia, Charles Taylor needs to leave now."
CBS News Correspondent David Martin reports one option the president is considering calls for sending about 700 soldiers, under the condition they would come out in a matter of months and be replaced a by U.N. peacekeeping force.
Some in the administration have also suggested that a contingent of several dozen soldiers at the embassy in Monrovia along with stepped up diplomatic efforts might suffice. In line with that, one official said, U.S. officials said they are pressing the effort to get Taylor to leave the country.
In an interview with CBS Radio on Wednesday, Taylor said he would be willing to leave within 90 days if a peaceful transition could be arranged.
Taylor has refused to leave office. A U.N.-backed court in neighboring Sierra Leone has indicted him for crimes against humanity for his backing of rebels in that country, where atrocities included hacking off victims' limbs.
He's also accused of plundering the nation's rich diamond reserves.
Taylor told CBS Radio that U.S. troops would be welcomed his country, and called for the United Nations war crimes charges against him to be dropped.
He said he was not sure if "asking the democratically elected president to leave is the solution, but I will leave," he said. "Of course, that is subject to hearing what President Bush has to say."
The U.S. military has plenty on its plate without sending troops to Liberia.
More than 10,000 American troops are still working in and around Afghanistan, and nearly 150,000 troops are stationed in a violent and troubled postwar Iraq.
Fighting has continued despite a June 17 cease-fire agreement. The current round of fighting in Liberia began three years ago as rebels began trying to oust Taylor, who won contested elections. Fighting killed hundreds of civilians in Monrovia just last month, and the war has displaced more than 1 million Liberians.