"Critical hours" for U.S. push to salvage hope for Syria

GENEVA -- U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry has opened a second day of talks in Geneva aimed at finding a way to restore at least a partial truce in Syria amid continuing attacks in Aleppo.

Kerry met on Monday with Saudi Foreign Minister Adel al-Jubeir and planned to meet later with the U.N. envoy for Syria, Staffan de Mistura. Kerry said progress was being made toward an understanding on how to reduce the violence in Aleppo but that more work was needed.

Additionally, Reuters reports Russian Foreign Minister SergeiLavrov held a phone call with Kerry on Monday in which the two called on all sides in the conflict to stop hostilities.

The Russian Foreign Ministry said in a statement that Kerry initiated the call and that Lavrov and Kerry also agreed future steps by Moscow and Washington as members of the Syria Support Group. The statement said the two sides also discussed the Ukraine crisis and the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict involving Azerbaijan and Armenia.

Kerry's meetings in Geneva come a day after the Syrian military extended a cease-fire around the capital for another 24 hours and relative calm set in across much of the country, apart from Aleppo, the country's largest city and a key battleground in the civil war.

Syrian military launches more airstrikes on hard-hit Aleppo

Aleppo is not covered by the cease-fire, but saw less fighting Sunday and Monday morning.

More than 250 people have died in shelling and airstrikes in the northern city over the last nine days, according to the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. The blood was spilled, reports CBS News correspondent Holly Williams, as the Syrian regime appeared hell-bent on recapturing territory around the huge city -- with help form its backers in Russian and Iran -- in possible preparation for a major offensive to take the entire metropolis back from rebels.

Williams reported Saturday that U.S. officials had said Russian heavy artillery was repositioned just outside the city -- sparking fears of a new offensive, or a siege of rebel-held areas.

The government declared its own cease-fire around Damascus and the coastal Latakia region Friday following two weeks of escalating unrest. But more than three dozen rebel factions said Saturday they would not respect the truce unless the government agreed to extend it over the whole country.

Aleppo not included in new partial Syrian cease-fire

For Aleppo, the U.S. is considering drawing up with the Russians a detailed map that would lay out "safe zones." Civilians and members of moderate opposition groups covered by the truce could find shelter from persistent attacks by Assad's military, which claims to be targeting terrorists. One U.S. official said "hard lines" would delineate specific areas and neighborhoods. The officials spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to discuss the matter publicly.

It was not immediately clear whether Russia would accept such a plan or if Moscow could persuade the Assad government to respect the prospective zones. Some U.S. officials are skeptical of the chances for success, but also note that it is worth a try to at least reduce the violence.

"We are talking directly with the Russians, even now. The hope is that we can make some progress, but the United Nations Security Council Resolution calls for a full country, countrywide cessation and also for all of the country to be accessible for humanitarian assistance," Kerry said Sunday as the talks began in Geneva. "Obviously that hasn't happened and isn't happening."

"These are critical hours. We look for Russia's cooperation, we obviously look for the regime to listen to Russia, and to respond to the international community's powerful statement to the U.N. Security Council," added the senior U.S. diplomat.

Syrian ceasefire collapses as Assad regime aims to retake Aleppo

Speaking Monday to reporters alongside Kerry, Saudi Arabia's Al-Jubeir called the situation in Aleppo, where airstrikes have continued, an "outrage" and a criminal violation of humanitarian law. He said Syrian President Bashar Assad would be held accountable for the attacks and would be removed from power either through a political process or by force.

"There is only one side that is flying airplanes, and that is Bashar al-Assad and his allies, so they are responsible for the massacre of women, children, and the elderly," he said. "They are responsible for the murder of doctors and medical personnel, and this situation, any way you slice it, will not stand. The world is not going to allow them to get away with this."