The militant group Hezbollah has revealed the identities of CIA officers working undercover in Lebanon, a blow to agency operations in the region and the latest salvo in an escalating spy war.
Hezbollah made the names public in a broadcast Friday night on a Lebanese television station, al-Manar. Using animated videos, the station recreated meetings purported to take place between CIA officers and paid informants at Starbucks and Pizza Hut.
The disclosure comes afterthe agency's spy network in Lebanon after running a double agent against the CIA, former and current U.S. intelligence officials said. They requested anonymity to discuss matters of intelligence.
In June, Hezbollah chief Hassan Nasrallah bragged that his group had identified at least two spies working for the CIA. It is not clear whether one of those spies was, in fact, the same double agent working for Hezbollah, which is considered a terrorist group by the U.S. Nasrallah has called the U.S. Embassy in Beirut a "den of spies."
The fiasco happened despite top CIA officials being warned to be extra careful when handling informants after Hezbollah and Lebanese officials arrested scores of Israeli spies in 2009.
Meanwhile, Iran's state-run television reported Tuesday that the country's Judiciary had indicted 15 people on charges of spying for the U.S. and Israel.
"The accused in the case were individuals that committed acts of espionage against the Islamic Republic of Iran," Tehran Prosecutor Abbas Jafari-Dolatabadi told Iran's IRNA news agency.
The spy suspects in Iran were not identified by the IRNA report.
An influential Iran parliamentarian said in November, on the heels of Hezbollah's announcement, that the country had arrested 12 CIA agents.
Parviz Sorouri, who sits on the powerful committee of foreign policy and national security, said at the time that the alleged agents had been operating in coordination with Israel's Mossad and other regional agencies, and targeted the country's military and its nuclear program.
The outing of the officers in Lebanon is particularly damaging because it will hinder the ability of these CIA employees to work overseas again especially in the Internet age where references to their names will be widely available to other foreign intelligence agencies.
The CIA dismissed Hezbollah's assertions.
"The agency does not, as a rule, address spurious claims from terrorist groups," CIA spokeswoman Jennifer Youngblood said. "I think it's worth remembering that Hezbollah is a dangerous organization, with al-Manar as its propaganda arm. That fact alone should cast some doubt on the credibility of the group's claims."
Former officials said one of the named officers was considered a rising star at the CIA and had been involved in many important operations in Iraq. Whether or not this employee would be able to continue a CIA career outside the U.S. is unknown. Former officials said it is likely Hezbollah has already shared photographs of the case officers with Iran, its closest ally.
It was not immediately clear whether the exposed CIA officers in Lebanon have been pulled out of the country. The Associated Press is not publishing the names of the officers because they could refer to operatives who remain undercover.
Revealing the identities of CIA officers has happened in the past. The last instance came about one year ago when the name of the CIA's Pakistan station chief was leaked to reporters there. The CIA initially let him stay but eventually decided it was too dangerous for him to remain in the country.
Case officers met with informants at locations more than once, a practice frowned upon because it risks their exposure.
The disclosure indicates that Hezbollah is sending a sharp message to the CIA to stay out of Lebanon, suggesting that it could have captured the CIA officers at any time since it knew their identities. In 1984, Hezbollah kidnapped the CIA station chief in Beirut. He was tortured and later killed.
Al-Manar said the CIA team in Lebanon consisted of 10 officers and all used diplomat cover. The station said their jobs were to oversee intelligence networks in Lebanon.