The House on Friday passed legislation that would banand hair texture.
The CROWN Act, which was introduced by Congresswoman Bonnie Watson Coleman, would prohibit hair-based discrimination "if that hair texture or that hairstyle is commonly associated with a particular race or national origin." Hairstyles the legislation would protect include those "in which hair is tightly coiled or tightly curled, locs, cornrows, twists, braids, Bantu knots and Afros."
The measure passed by a vote of 235-189, with 14 Republicans joining Democrats in support of the legislation.
"Natural Black hair is often deemed 'unprofessional' simply because it does not conform to white beauty standards," Watson Coleman said in a statement. "Discrimination against Black hair is discrimination against Black people. I'm proud to have played a part to ensure that we end discrimination against people for how their hair grows out of their head."
More than a dozen states have passed similar measures. Democratic leaders tried to expedite passage of the legislation last month by voting on it as a suspension bill, a House rule that allows non-controversial measures to be considered in an expedited manner, without amendments. However, passing bills under suspension of the rules requires the support of two-thirds of the members present, and the CROWN bill fell short.
A companion bill introduced by Senator Cory Booker has yet to move forward.
In a speech from the House floor Friday, Watson Coleman listed cases of Black Americans losing job opportunities, being denied federal assistance or otherwise being treated unfairly based on their hair.
"It's important to the young girls and the young boys who have to cut their hair in the middle of a wrestling match in front of everyone because some White referee says that your hair is inappropriate to engage in your match," she said.
Congresswoman Cori Bush, a freshman Democrat from Missouri, spoke about hair discrimination from personal experience.
"As a black woman who loves my braids, I know what it's like to feel isolated because of how I wear my hair," she said. "This is the last time we say no more to Black people being demeaned and discriminated against for the same hairstyles that corporations profit from."
Congressman Jim Jordan, a Republican from Ohio, argued on the floor that the Constitution already bans race-based discrimination, and that this bill was superfluous.
"Fourteen months of chaos and we're doing a bill on hair," Jordan said. "I think the American people expect more from their Congress … I hope we can actually focus on the things that matter to the American people."
In a rebuttal, Congressman Al Green, a Democrat from Texas, later charged that Jordan's assessment of the bill ignored what Black Americans want.
"When you say the American people don't want it, you cannot exclude Black people. Black people would have this be on the floor. This is a kitchen table issue in Black households," he said.
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