A pair of jaguars discovered in a cage on a ranch exposed a cruel new fashion among Ecuador's drug lords. In the style of Colombian cocaine baron Pablo Escobar, they are erecting private, illegal zoos as a status symbol.
In May, police came upon the sorry sight of the two endangered felines perched on a log surrounded by iron bars.
They were held on a property owned by Wilder Sanchez Farfan — alias "Gato" (The Cat) — a suspected drug lord with ties to Mexico's Jalisco New Generation cartel and wanted in the United States.
Farfan was arrested in Colombia in February, and the U.S. Treasury Department called him "one of the most significant drug traffickers in the world."
Along with the jaguars, police have also found parrots, parakeets and other exotic birds Farfan is believed to have imported from China and South Korea.
The "narco zoo" phenomenon is a relatively new one that coincides with the rise of an undergroundin the last few years, said Darwin Robles, head of the police's Environmental Protection Unit (UPMA).
"Where there is drug trafficking, you can be sure that there will be... wildlife trafficking," he told AFP.
The purpose? "To demonstrate their power, their purchasing power, their economic capacity," said Robles.
Police seized more than 6,800 wild animals in 2022 and nearly 6,000 in 2021 in Ecuador, one of the world's most biodiverse countries.
The South American country, wedged between major cocaine producers Colombia and Peru, recently went from being a mere transit stop to a drug trafficking hub in its own right, with a correlated explosion in violent crime.
The jaguars and birds found at Farfan's property were taken to rehabilitation centers to receive medical and other attention.
But in most cases, a return to their natural habitat has been impossible.
Police have also found turtles, snakes, furs and animal heads on other drug kingpins' properties.
"Having an animal is a status symbol... It demonstrates an individual's rank within a network" of organized crime, an official for the US-based Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) told AFP.
The official asked not to be named for fear of reprisal from trafficking groups.
Owning a spotted cat, for example, is a start, but having a jaguar is much more prestigious -- just like expansive properties, luxury cars, works of art or jewelry, the official explained.
In Ecuador, wildlife trafficking is punishable by up to three years in prison -- much less than in many of its neighbors.
After Escobar was gunned down by police in 1993, his private collection of flamingos, giraffes, zebras and kangaroos were placed in zoos.
But a herd of hippopotamuses -- dubbed-- was left to fend for itself, reproducing unchecked and now posing a major headache for environmental authorities.
Independent journalist Audrey Huse, who has lived in Colombia for eight years, told CBS News that in the 1980s, Escobar imported just four hippos. The hippo numbers exploded and there are now about 160 of the two-ton beasts around this part of northwestern Colombia.
"Because they have no natural predators here, as they would in Africa, the population is booming an it's affecting the local ecosystem," Huse said. "Because they are such large animals, they consume considerable amounts of grassland and produce significant waste, which then poisons the rivers."
There are fears Ecuador's drug lords will leave a similarly negative environmental footprint.
At the Tueri wildlife hospital in Quito, wild cats, monkeys, porcupines, parrots and owls receive treatment after falling victim to trafficking. Many arrive underfed or injured.
Only about one in five recover sufficiently to return to their natural home, say clinic staff.
Many don't survive the ordeal. Others will live out their days in shelters as they no longer know how to live in the wild.
Traffickers do not understand the harm they are wreaking, said the WCS official.
"To have a monkey at your house, it means you caused a hunter to kill its family," explained the official.
Last year, at was found dead after a bloody cartel shootout in Mexico
One of the shelters that receives animals that cannot be rewilded, is the Jardin Alado Ilalo in Quito.
"We have animals that arrive with their wings amputated, their claws amputated and a fundamental damage that is psychological damage," said Cecilia Guana, who takes care of parrots and other birds at the center.
"These birds no longer identify themselves as animals in their natural state... and have to stay in places like these."
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