You may think traffic in New York City is bad, but when it comes to the 2019 edition of the TomTom Traffic Index report, it doesn't even rank in the top 50 -- it clocks in at No. 52. In fact, only one U.S. city made this list.
Which cities earned the dubious honors of having the worst traffic in the world, as measured by increased driving time? And which city is the worst in the United States?
To arrive at the answer, TomTom established baseline travel times during traffic-free conditions in each city. The company then calculated travel times throughout 2019 (all day, every day) and compared this information against free-flow periods -- and other factors -- to arrive at a final ranking.
Here's what that data has to say.
50. Fortaleza, Brazil
This tropical city in northeastern Brazil has a lot of humidity and a lot of traffic.
49. Shenzhen, China
This particular traffic jam was caused by the National Day of the People's Republic of China holiday, but traffic in Shenzhen is bad year round. In 2019, its congestion level worsened slightly to about 37% -- meaning the travel time is 37% more than an average trip would take if there weren't traffic congestion.
48. Budapest, Hungary
Here, rush-hour traffic passes by the Hungarian National Gallery in Budapest. The capital city's congestion wait time increased from 35% to 37% in 2019.
47. Dnipro, Ukraine
The people of Dnipro, Ukraine, seen here at the city's tram depot N3, know what it's like to suffer in traffic.
46. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Here, a monorail train runs above lunch-hour traffic in downtown Kuala Lumpur.
45. London, England
London may be famous for its double-decker buses, but it's also notorious for traffic. The congested capital of the United Kingdom saw congestion levels worsen in 2019.
44. Brussels, Belgium
Rush-hour traffic on Brussels' Rue de la Loi, seen here, helps contribute to the city's congestion woes.
43. Rome, Italy
You may see a lot of sights riding around historic Rome -- including the Colosseum, here -- but chances are it'll be really slow going.
42. Paris, France
Drivers in the French capital spend beaucoups time in traffic, according to the TomTom report. Its congestion level was 39% in 2019, 3 percentage points worse than its 2018 standing.
Here, you can see a November 2017 traffic jam on Champs-Élysées Avenue near the Arc de Triomphe.
41. Wroclaw, Poland
Usually, the streets of Wroclaw are filled with gas-powered vehicles. But in this picture, a group of men are pushing a treadmill-powered Fiat to an art gallery.
40. Vancouver, Canada
Here, traffic can be seen heading in and out of downtown Vancouver.
39. Zhuhai, China
TomTom measured the congestion level of Zhuhai, China at 39% in 2019, which is actually a 3-point improvement over 2018.
38. Guangzhou, China
Here, China's seven-day National Day holiday once again leads to clogged roadways. Congestion levels in Guangzhou actually dropped 2 percentage points to 40% in 2019.
37. Warsaw, Poland
Warsaw struggles with smog and traffic, seen here on Jerusalem Avenue.
36. Cairo, Egypt
According to a World Bank study, Cairo's traffic problems cost Egypt 4% of its GDP in 2010. The city's infrastructure continues to be strained, but congestion levels dropped from 44% to 40% in 2019.
35. Yekaterinburg, Russia
Traffic is a challenge in Yekaterinburg, Russia. Congestion levels increased 4 percentage points to 41% in 2019.
34. Chongqing, China
Here, traffic piles up on the Shibanpo Bridge over the Yangtze river during the Spring Festival travel season, which that puts significant stress on the county's transport system. The congestion level in Chongqing dropped to 41% in 2019, down from 44%.
33. Edinburgh, Scotland
32. Tokyo, Japan
The lights shine bright in Tokyo -- on the city's billboards and on its cars' brake lights. The traffic congestion level there increased slightly to 42% in 2019.
31. Los Angeles, California
When it comes to the worst traffic in America, Los Angeles comes out on top. According to TomTom, the city's congestion level was 42% in 2019, a slight worsening from the year prior.
30. Athens, Greece
The congestion level in the capital of Greece reached 43% in 2019, a slight increase from 2018.
29. Kharkiv, Ukraine
Military checkpoints do traffic in Ukraine no favors.
28. Salvador, Brazil
Here, traffic mounts near a church in Salvador, Brazil, where congestion levels were measured at 43% in 2019. That's a 5-point increase since 2018.
27. Poznan, Poland
Traffic in Poznan is bad enough on most days. But traffic was especially bad on May 9, 2018, when this giant tanker overturned and spilled thousands of gallons of hot chocolate on Poland's A2 highway.
26. Santiago, Chile
Here, traffic begins to mount in scenic Santiago, the capital and largest city of Chile. Congestion levels here were 44% in 2019, 4 percentage points worse than in 2018.
25. Samara, Russia
Here, Russian armed forces cross the Samara River using a pontoon bridge, practicing for a scenario where the four-lane road across the water is destroyed.
24. Sao Paulo, Brazil
Sao Paulo, Brazil's most populated city, is known for heavy traffic. Its congestion level rose to 45% in 2019.
23. Novosibirsk, Russia
Snowy weather worsens traffic in Novosibirsk, Russia.
22. Krakow, Poland
Here, traffic is seen next to the Congress Center in Krakow, Poland's second largest city. Congestion levels in Krakow rose 5 points in 2019 to 45%, according to the study.
21. Tel Aviv, Israel
A lack of adequate public transit contributes to the worsening traffic woes of Tel Aviv. In 2019, congestion levels in the city reached 46%, up from 42% in 2018.
20. Rio de Janerio, Brazil
The second-most populated city in Brazil also happens to be the second-worst Brazilian city for traffic, with a congestion level of 46%. That's a 4-point worsening since 2018.
Here, a peddler sells candies to drivers stuck at a traffic light in the Belford Roxo area of the city.
19. Lodz, Poland
While the streets of Lodz are usually clogged with traffic -- congestion rose to 47% in 2019 -- here the streets are clogged with people attending the city's popular Light Move Festival in September 2017.
18. Odessa, Ukraine
The ports of Odessa are busy, as are its roads.
17. Dublin, Ireland
Winter storms are only part of Dublin's traffic woes. The congestion level of the city increased to 48% in 2019, up from 45%.
16. St. Petersburg, Russia
Drivers in Russia's second largest city spend a lot of time in traffic. Its congestion level increased to 49% in 2019.
15. Recife, Brazil
Traffic in Recife during World Cup games reaches such intense levels that some find it more pleasant to walk, even in the rain. Congestion level in the city reached 50% in 2019, a slight increase over the year prior.
14. Bucharest, Romania
As you might guess from looking at this picture of Calea Victoriei Avenue in Bucharest, this city has one of the worst traffic problems in Europe. Congestion levels increased to 52% in 2019, up 4 percentage points since 2018.
13. Mexico City, Mexico
Drivers in Mexico City spend a lot of time in traffic. Here, a Mexico City guard helps manage traffic for pedestrians following a 2018 earthquake.
12. Kiev, Ukraine
The capital and largest city of Ukraine is also its most congested -- and its traffic is rapidly getting worse. According to TomTom data, its congestion level was 53% in 2019, a sharp 7-point jump from 2018.
11. Bangkok, Thailand
Though congestion is bad in Thailand's capital city -- Bangkok had a congestion level of 53% in 2019 -- it's also a serious problem throughout the country.
10. Jakarta, Indonesia
A mass of cars and motorcycles both add to the morning rush hour gridlock in Jakarta, seen here in September 2017.
9. Istanbul, Turkey
Istanbul's already-bad traffic worsened in 2019, with congestion levels hitting 55%, 2 points worse than in 2018.
In this 2016 photo, drivers on the Bosphorus Bridge stop to observe a moment of silence for the founder of the Turkish Republic, Mustafa Ataturk.
8. New Delhi, India
Drivers in New Delhi need to deal with not only a glut of cars on the road, but also stray cows -- nearly 6 million roam free on India's roadways, according to a 2012 census.
The congestion level in New Delhi dropped to 56% in 2019, a slight improvement over 2018.
7. Lima, Peru
In Lima, many people commute via privately owned minibuses. Still, traffic is a problem: The congestion level of the city reached 57% in 2019.
6. Moscow, Russia
Established in the year 1147, the ring-like layout of Moscow streets was not designed for modern traffic. Congestion level increased to 59% in 2019, a 3-point increase over the year prior.
5. Pune, India
This traffic jam in Pune, India was caused by excessive rains.
4. Mumbai, India
Here, torrential monsoon rains practically shut down traffic at Dharavi Junction in 2005. Traffic continues to be a problem there today, even without rain: Congestion levels were at 65% in 2019.
3. Bogota, Colombia
In 2019, the congestion level in Bogota reached 68%, an increase of 5 percentage points over 2018 levels.
Here, Bogota police manage traffic during a 2007 blackout.
1 (TIE). Manila, Philippines
Traffic moves around at a snail's pace in the capital of the Philippines. TomTom measures the congestion level of Manila at 71% in 2019, no change from the year before. TomTom puts the city in a tie for the worst city in the world for traffic, along with...
1 (TIE). Bangalore, India
Bangalore, India also has a congestion level of 71%, tying with Manila for the questionable honor of worst traffic in the world.