LucasFilm said Freeborn left "a legacy of unforgettable contributions."
By CBSNews.com senior editor David Morgan
He began his film career in the 1930s, working for director Alexander Korda, and honing his makeup skills on stars including Marlene Dietrich and Vivien Leigh.
Left: "The Thief of Baghdad" (1940), starring Rex Ingram and Sabu.
Freeborn's transformation of Guinness into Fagin -- complete with a large hooked nose -- was criticized by some as anti-Semitic, a matter of regret for Freeborn (who said he was partly Jewish).
While the Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences gave the makeup artist of "Planet of the Apes" a special Oscar (there was no category for makeup in the awards ceremony at that time), screenwriter Arthur C. Clarke suggested that the Academy may have slighted Freeborn because they believed the apes in "2001" were real.
Nick Maley, a makeup artist who worked with Freeborn in the 1970s, called him a mentor who "ran his department like a headmaster."
"It was my years working with him that helped me learn how to think, how to solve problems, how to not take the most obvious path," Maley told the Associated Press. "Everybody will remember him for 'Star Wars,' but he did so much more than that. No one should overlook the groundbreaking work he did on '2001: A Space Odyssey.' That was really the forerunner of 'Star Wars' and used a lot of the same technology."
"He brought with him not only decades of experience, but boundless creative energy," Lucas said. "His artistry and craftsmanship will live on forever in the characters he created."
Left: Peter Mayhew as Chewbacca, with Harrison Ford as Han Solo.
Lando Calrissian (Billy Dee Williams) and Nien Nunb attack the Death Star in "Return of the Jedi" (1983). Makeup by Stuart Freeborn.
Stuart Freeborn was 98.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.