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Weekly unemployment aid applications rise to 367K

WASHINGTON - The number of Americans seeking unemployment benefits rose to a seasonally adjusted 367,000 last week, a level consistent with only modest hiring.

The Labor Department said Thursday that applications increased by 4,000 from the previous week's level of 363,000. The previous week was revised higher from an initial reading of 359,000.

The four-week average, a less volatile measure, was unchanged last week at 375,000.

Unemployment benefit applications are a measure of the pace of layoffs. When they consistently fall below 375,000, it typically indicates that hiring is strong enough to lower the unemployment rate.

Applications have mostly stayed near or above that level since the spring, coinciding with a weak stretch of hiring.

The government reports Friday on September hiring and unemployment, a number that is watched closely by both President Barack Obama and Republican challenger Mitt Romney as the Nov. 6 election approaches.

There are only two jobs reports left before Election Day, so the September figures could have a major impact.

The economy has added an average of just 87,400 jobs a month since April, down from an average of 226,000 jobs a month in the January-March quarter.

Economists predict employers added 111,000 jobs last month, only slightly more than the 96,000 jobs added in August.

The unemployment rate is expected to tick up to 8.2 percent from 8.1 percent in August. The rate fell in August, but only because more people gave up looking for work and weren't counted as unemployed.

Still, there have been some hopeful signs that hiring may improve.

Payroll processor ADP said Wednesday that private employers added 162,000 jobs last month, ahead of economists' estimates.

Growth in hiring helped U.S. factories expand in September for the first time since May, according to the Institute for Supply Management's manufacturing survey released Monday.

Job creation at service companies slowed in September, according to a separate survey from the ISM released Wednesday. Still, a surge in consumer demand helped those companies grow at the fastest pace in six months. It that growth continues, hiring will likely pick up.

A key problem is the economy is not growing fast enough to generate much hiring. Growth slowed to a tepid annual rate of 1.3 percent in the April-June quarter. Most economists see growth staying below 2 percent in the second half of the year.

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