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U.N. Secretary-General Visits Baghdad

U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon was headed to Baghdad Thursday for talks Iraq's prime minister just as his government disclosed that it has been indirectly talking to Sunni insurgent groups over the past three months to persuade them to lay down their arms.

Ban is in Baghdad for only one day of meetings with Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki, whose forces are working with the U.S. military in a major operation to curb violence in the Iraqi capital and the surrounding territory, U.N. officials said.

The meeting got off to an ominous start when an explosion hit the Green Zone as Ban and al-Maliki addressed reporters. Both men were not believed to be hurt.

The blast, from a mortar or rocket, landed near al-Maliki's office. Small chips of debris floated down from the ceiling above the U.N. chief after the big explosion rattled the building.

It is the first visit by the top U.N. official in nearly a year and a half.

The U.N. officials, who spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to release the information, would give no other details about the visit.

"The new Secretary General is making a point with his travels — that he is willing to play an activist role in diplomacy," said CBS News foreign affairs analyst Pamela Falk from the U.N. Thursday. "And given how many international crises are brewing right now, his role is being welcomed by most nations."

The top U.N. official was last in Baghdad when Ban's predecessor, Kofi Annan, visited the capital in November 2005.

Saad Yousif al-Muttalibi of the Ministry of National Dialogue and Reconciliation said talks with Sunni insurgent groups were initiated at the request of the insurgents and have been taking place inside and outside Iraq over the past three months.

He refused to identify the groups, but said they did not include al Qaeda in Iraq or Saddam Hussein loyalists. Members of the former president's outlawed Baath party took part, he added.

Speaking to The Associated Press in a telephone interview Thursday, al-Muttalibi said the negotiations were deadlocked over the insurgent groups' insistence that they would lay down their arms only when a timetable for the withdrawal of U.S.-led coalition troops in Iraq is announced.

The government's response was that such a move could only be taken when security is restored.

Future rounds of negotiations are planned, he said, but did not elaborate.

Al-Muttalibi's comments came one day after he expressed optimism in an interview with the British Broadcasting Corp. that Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki's government was making progress in talks with insurgent groups, predicting some factions might be close to laying down their arms.

"One of the aims is to join with them in the fight against al Qaeda (in Iraq)," he told the BBC.

Reports have periodically surfaced in the past three years of talks between Iraqi and U.S. authorities and representatives of Sunni insurgent groups, but details of the contents of these negotiations and whether they made any progress always have been sketchy.

Groups said to have taken part in such talks often denied their participation in statements posted on the Internet.

In other developments:

  • The U.S. military said Thursday it had captured the leaders of a Shiite insurgent network responsible for kidnapping and killing five American troops — one of the boldest and most sophisticated attacks on U.S. soldiers in the war in Iraq. The network was "directly connected" to the January kidnapping and murder of the Americans in the holy city of Karbala, 50 miles south of Baghdad, the military said.
  • Three retired military officers on a multi-state tour say the best solution to end the war is removing U.S. troops in a phased withdrawal, not sending more soldiers. Former U.S. Navy Capt. Lawrence Korb, former New Mexico Adjutant General Mel Montano and U.S. Army Lt. Gen. Robert Gard, all of whom served in Vietnam, stopped in Arkansas Wednesday on their tour to urge Congress to oppose President Bush's troop surge.
  • A government audit says the U.S. has hard lessons to learn from Iraq reconstruction. Investigators say poor contract oversight and bad planning have led to multi million-dollar mistakes and unless things change, the same mistakes could happen again somewhere else. The audit was being released Thursday by the special inspector general for Iraq reconstruction.
  • Iraq's defense minister said his commanders were surprised when Britain recently announced plans to withdraw some of its troops from Iraq, but that his country's forces will be ready to replace them. "I am absolutely confident that Iraq's army is quite ready to meet the challenges, even if the withdrawal becomes quite sudden," Defense Minister Abdul-Qader Mohammed Jassim said at a news conference Wednesday.
  • In the southern city of Basra, clashes erupted Thursday between militiamen loyal to radical anti-U.S. cleric Muqtada al-Sadr and guards outside the headquarters of the rival Shiite Fadhila party, police said. The building caught fire and the guards fled, they said. There were no casualties.

    Baqouba, in Diyala province 35 miles northeast of Baghdad, has seen an upsurge in violence and sectarian killings in recent weeks, with Sunni insurgents loyal to al Qaeda in Iraq stepping up attacks as violence appears to ebb in Baghdad since a security push began Feb.14.

    The clashes in Basra, 340 miles southeast of Baghdad, followed the arrest earlier Thursday of a Mahdi Army militiaman by policemen thought to be loyal to Fadhila.

    The arrested militiaman worked for the city's electricity company. His comrades retaliated by kidnapping a colleague of his known to be a Fadhila supporter, according to police.

    The fate of the two men is not known.

    Thursday's clashes came days after British forces pulled out of their main base in the heart of Basra, Iraq's second city. Capt. Katie Brown, a British military spokeswoman Basra, said she had no information on the fighting.

    Clashes between rival Shiite groups in the mainly Shiite south of Iraq are not uncommon. They reflect the competition for power between major parties, including those in al-Maliki's government.

    The rivalry in the oil-rich region poses the most serious threat to the unity of Iraq's majority Shiites.

    In Dujailah, a town near Kut, about 2,000 angry mourners marched with the coffins of three Mahdi Army militiamen gunned down Wednesday by unknown assailants, witnesses reported.

    The Mahdi Army is loyal to Muqtada al-Sadr, a Shiite cleric whose loyalists have 30 of parliament's 275 seats and six Cabinet posts. His Mahdi Army has in the past clashed with gunmen loyal to SCIRI, the senior partner in al-Maliki's governing coalition, and other Shiite groups.

    Also in Basra, police said gunmen on a motorcycle shot dead a postgraduate female student at Basra University, Tuhfa Jaafar al-Bachay, at 9 pm Wednesday outside her home.

    Like most killings that take place daily in Iraq, the motive for al-Bachay's murder is unknown.

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