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U.K. inflation tops 10% on soaring food and energy costs

Inflation rate in U.K. tops 10%
MoneyWatch: Inflation in U.K. hits new 40-year high, at 10.1% 03:48

Britain's annual inflation rate has touched doubled digits, climbing to 10.1% in July from a year ago — the sharpest increase since 1982. Consumer prices are rising even faster in the U.K. than in the U.S. and Europe, propelled by higher food and energy costs.

The jump in the U.K.'s consumer price index was higher than analysts' forecast of 9.8% and up from the annual rate of 9.4% in June, the Office for National Statistics (ONS) said Wednesday. The increase was largely due to rising prices for food and staples, including toilet paper and toothbrushes, it said.

Core inflation, which strips out volatile, food and energy prices, also surpassed analyst forecasts, hitting 6.2% in July. 

"As expected, food was the main driver of inflation, but the drivers were broad-based, with categories such as clothing, rents and travel [and] transport services also putting significant upside pressure on both core and headline," TD Securities analysts said in a research note.

Expect inflation in the teens

Most economists believe worse is to come. The Bank of England says soaring natural gas prices are likely to drive consumer price inflation to 13.3% in October. It says that will push Britain into a recession that is expected to last through 2023. Accounting for inflation, wages in the UK dropped at annual rate of 3% in the second quarter, according to ONS.

Those pressures persuaded the bank to boost its key interest rate by half a percentage point this month, the biggest of six consecutive increases since December. The rate now stands at 1.75%, the highest since the depths of the global financial crisis in late 2008.

"We expect another 50bp (basis points) rate hike in September," said James Smith, developed markets economist and ING Economics. "We wouldn't rule out another hike in November."

Inflation is surging in many countries as Russia's war in Ukraine has triggered unprecedented increases in energy prices worldwide. Russia has reduced natural gas shipments to Europe in retaliation for the West's support of Ukraine, creating a crisis for the fossil fuel that powers factories and heats homes in the winter.

The gas woes are threatening a recession in the 19 countries sharing the euro currency, where inflation hit a record 8.9% in July. The United States has already seen two quarters of economic contraction, intensifying fears of a recession. U.S. inflation eased somewhat to 8.5% in July but is still near a four-decade high.

"The encouraging evidence that the upward pressure on underlying inflation from global factors has started to ease will be of little comfort to the Bank of England given the signs that this is being replaced by more persistent domestic inflationary pressures," Ruth Gregory, senior U.K. economist with Capital Economics, said in a report. 

Issuing stimulus payments

"I understand that times are tough, and people are worried about increases in prices that countries around the world are facing," U.K. Treasury chief Nadhim Zahawi said.

"Although there are no easy solutions, we are helping where we can," he said, including with a 400 pound ($483) payment to households facing rocketing energy bills.

Britain's Conservative government is under pressure to do even more to help people cope with the cost-of-living crisis. The average U.K. household fuel bill has risen more than 50% this year, and another increase is due in October, when the average bill is forecast to hit 3,500 pounds ($4,300) a year.

Two candidates vying to replace UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson 06:55

Prime Minister Boris Johnson is due to leave office next month and says any new measures must be left to his successor. The favorite to replace him, Foreign Secretary Liz Truss, is opposed to major intervention, saying she favors tax cuts over "handouts."

The other contender, former Treasury chief Rishi Sunak, introduced a 25% windfall tax on oil and gas companies' profits in May that is expected to raise several billion pounds to help fund payments for people with rising utility costs. Opposition politicians want the tax expanded to electricity firms — a move Truss firmly opposes, saying, "I don't think profit is a dirty word."

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