Toyota spokesman Hideki Fujii said the company is considering whether to recall about 1.05 million vehicles of the same models exported to overseas markets, including Australia, Thailand, Indonesia, India and European countries.
None of the models involved were exported to the United States and Canada, Fujii said.
The surface of a bolt in the engine will erode due to the remaining cleansing liquid, breaking the bolt and causing the vehicle to halt, according to Toyota's Web site.
Fujii said the company is now looking into safety standards of importing countries of the Toyota models affected because of different recall systems by country.
Toyota reported 169 complaints from Japanese users, including vehicles stopping, unusual noise and vibration. There were no reports of accidents related to the defect, according to Transport Ministry spokesman Naoto Takano.
Fujii said the company did not disclose repair estimates.
Last month, Toyota announced its largest recall ever, totaling 1.27 million vehicles from 17 car models, to repair an electrical defect that could cause the headlights to fail.
Models in the recall included Toyota's popular Crown, Mark II Chaser Cresta, Hilux van models and Dyna truck models.