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Second stimulus check: Will you get $2,000, $600 — or nothing?

McConnell ties efforts to increase stimulus payments to other issues
McConnell ties efforts to increase stimulus payments to other issues 08:26

A second round of stimulus checks may soon land in the bank accounts of millions of Americans after President Donald Trump signed a $900 billion economic relief package on December 27. Yet in signing the bill, Mr. Trump once again called for its $600 stimulus checks to be boosted to $2,000 per person

On December 28, the U.S. House of Representatives voted to pass a bill to increase the $600 stimulus checks to $2,000, with the bill receiving the needed two-thirds majority of the members voting to pass in the chamber. 

But the effort's future appears dim given that Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell blocked attempts to vote on the $2,000 stimulus checks approved by the House — but resurrected the higher payments in a new bill that includes other items on Mr. Trump's wish list, including the repeal of Section 230, which shields social media companies from lawsuits.

McConnell on December 31 again rebuffed a push for the Senate to take up a bill increasing coronavirus relief checks to Americans from $600 to $2,000, calling the proposal "socialism for rich people."

To be sure, millions of Americans could use bigger checks. Almost 6 in 10 consumers said they have suffered a financial setback due to the pandemic as of the end of November, according to a study from TransUnion, which also found that 40% of those households said they had been banking on the prospect of another stimulus check to help them pay their bills. 

At this point, it's most likely that people will still receive $600 checks, according to Wall Street analysts. 

"In our view, the $2k cash supplement is unlikely to pass the Republican Senate given the strained fiscal conservatism in the [Republican] caucus," Benjamin Salisbury and Hunter Hammond of Heights Securities said in a December 29 research note. "We still expect eligible recipients to receive $600, not $2,000."

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Even so, the odds of passing the $2,000 checks have increased — but still remain slim, Hammond said in a December 28 research note: "In total, we assign 30% odds (up from 10%) that a bill increasing direct payments to $2,000 will be signed into law this week," Hammond wrote.

It would mark the second time lawmakers have sought to boost the checks to $2,000 per person, following a December 24 vote in the House during a pro forma session. That effort was blocked by House Republicans.

Another $385 billion needed

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi has urged Republicans to support the bigger checks. The GOP has pushed back against bigger checks because of their cost, which would amount to an estimated $530 billion, or about $385 billion more than what Congress approved with the $600 checks, according to Heights Securities.

"The President must immediately call on Congressional Republicans to end their obstruction and to join him and Democrats in support of our stand-alone legislation to increase direct payment checks to $2,000, which will be brought to the Floor tomorrow," Pelosi tweeted on December 28.

The $600 checks called for in the latest relief package would represent half of the $1,200 directed toward most adults in the first round of stimulus checks. Critics had said the aid would be helpful, but not enough to tide over families who have suffered income or job losses since the coronavirus pandemic shuttered the economy last March and caused unemployment to spike. 

What about timing of the checks?

Before Mr. Trump's pushback, Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin had predicted on December 21 that Americans could start receiving the funds as soon as the week of December 28.

Despite the president's delay in signing the bill, Mnuchin on December 29 tweeted that stimulus checks could begin arriving in bank accounts "as early as tonight."

Mnuchin said that paper checks will begin to be mailed on December 30, and that people will be able to check their payment status at the IRS' "Get My Payment" portal later this week. He didn't specify how many checks will be initially distributed. 

As of January 1, the IRS site says its "Get My Payment" portal isn't currently open, but that it "continues to monitor and prepare for new legislation related to Economic Impact Payments," which is the term the IRS uses for stimulus checks.

Who gets the $600 checks?

The checks would represent half of the amount directed to most U.S. households in the spring, when the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (or CARES Act) authorized $1,200 checks for eligible adults. 

However, under the bill passed by Congress this month, one group of people would receive more money in the second round of stimulus checks than the first: dependent children, who would receive the same $600 checks as adults, up from the $500 checks that children received through the CARES Act in the spring. 

Congress reaches deal on $900 billion coronavirus relief bill; What's in the package? 03:07

Single people earning up to $75,000 would receive $600, while married couples earning up to $150,000 would receive $1,200. 

The second round of checks would have the same type of income phaseouts as in the CARES Act, with the stimulus check payments reduced for earnings above $75,000 per single person or $150,000 per married couple. 

The amount of payment individuals receive would be reduced by $5 for every $100 of income earned above those thresholds, according to the House Appropriations committee. That's similar to the CARES Act, but fewer higher-earning taxpayers would qualify for the checks under this formula when compared with the earlier bill.

The second stimulus checks would be phased out entirely for single people earning over $87,000 or married couples earning more than $174,000 — compared with the CARES Act's phaseout for single people earning over $99,000 and for couples earning over $198,000. 

To check on how much you might receive, you can go to Omni Calculator's second stimulus calculator for an estimate.

$600 for each "dependent" child

Aside from the smaller stimulus checks for adults, the other major change under the bill passed by Congress is the amount provided for dependent children: $600 for each child, up from $500 in the CARES Act. 

However, the bill states the $600 would be directed toward each dependent child under age 17, which means that adults who are nevertheless claimed as dependents — such as college students and older high school students — wouldn't qualify for the checks

Adult dependents, such as seniors who are claimed as dependents on their adult children's tax returns, also wouldn't qualify for the checks. Excluding college students and other adult dependents was a matter of debate with the first round of checks, with some families arguing that older dependents should also qualify for the payments.

A family of two parents with two child dependents could receive up to $2,400 under the provision, lawmakers said.

"Mixed-status" households

Couples who include an immigrant without a Green Card would also qualify for the checks, a provision that is retroactive to the CARES Act, the summary said. 

This is important to many families because the first round of stimulus checks only went to American citizens or immigrants with resident alien status, also known as a Green Card. Legal immigrants without a Green Card, as well as undocumented immigrants, were excluded — and American citizens married to immigrants without a Green Card were also excluded, as well as their children, even if the young dependents are citizens. 

Denying checks to U.S. citizens due to their spousal or parental relationship to an immigrant prompted lawsuits earlier this year over what plaintiffs claimed was an unconstitutional action. 

How about Social Security recipients?

One glitch in the first stimulus payments was a slower rollout for Social Security recipients, as well as Supplemental Security Income recipients, Railroad Retirement Board beneficiaries and Veterans Administration beneficiaries. Because some of those recipients don't file tax returns — which the IRS relied on for distributing the earliest stimulus payments — millions of them waited weeks or months to get their checks.

But the new bill would ensure that those recipients would receive the $600 checks automatically, according to Senator Maggie Hassan of New Hampshire, who worked on a bipartisan stimulus bill that became the framework for the latest negotiations. 

"I am particularly glad that the final text of the relief package includes my bipartisan bill to ensure that recipients of Social Security, Supplemental Security Income and certain VA benefits will receive these payments automatically," Hassan said in an email to CBS MoneyWatch. 

That means that millions of Social Security, SSI, VA and Railroad Retirement benefits wouldn't risk missing out on receiving the payments, she added.

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