Researchers today reported that women may be more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if their blood pressure rises substantially over the years.
Based on the findings, "women with increasing blood pressure levels should have their blood sugar (glucose) levels monitored," David Conen, M.D., says in a news release.
Conen is a research fellow at Harvard Medical School, the Harvard School of Public Health, and Boston's Brigham & Women's Hospital.
Blood Pressure Facts
Here are seven basic blood pressure facts:
Smoking makes high blood pressure more likely. Exercise and a healthy diet make high blood pressure less likely.
Blood Pressure and Diabetes
Conen and colleagues studied a decade of data on more than 38,000 female health professionals in the U.S.
At the study's start, the women were at least 45 years old and didn't have heart disease, diabetes, cancer, or other major illnesses.
Every year, the women reported their blood pressure. The researchers also checked confirmed cases of type 2 diabetes among the group.
During the study period, a total of 1,672 women were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.
The women were more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if their blood pressure moved up one or more notches on the researchers' list of categories:
Overweight women with hypertension were the most likely to develop type 2 diabetes. But leaner women were also at risk if their blood pressure rose out of the optimal range.
Age, weight, smoking, family history of diabetes, and other factors didn't fully explain the results, which appear in today's online advance edition of the European Heart Journal.
By Miranda Hitti
Reviewed by Louise Chang
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