Questions loom for Zuckerberg in first post-IPO chat

Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg leaves the presidential Elysee Palace after a meeting with France's President Nicolas Sarkozy, on May 25, 2011 in Paris on the closing day of the first 'e-G8' summit. The e-G8 aims to draw up a declaration for the Group of Eight Leaders who meet in Deauville, northwestern France, on May 27 and 28, 2011, with discussions covering sensitive issues such as online copyright and censorship.
Berntrand Guay/AFP/Getty Images
Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg leaves the presidential Elysee Palace after a meeting with France's President Nicolas Sarkozy in this May 25, 2011 file photo.
Berntrand Guay/AFP/Getty Images

(CBS/AP) Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg is schedule to give his first interview Tuesday since the company's rocky initial public offering in May, and one question will surely be hanging over his head.

CNET: Facebook co-founder and CEO talks at TechCrunch Disrupt Live

Facebook's stock has lost half its value since the IPO. That's painful for investors and employees, many of whom would probably like to ask Zuckerberg: What are you going to do about it?

Zuckerberg will appear at the San Francisco Disrupt conference organized by technology blog TechCrunch. He'll be talking to Michael Arrington, the fiery founder of TechCrunch who is not known for mincing his words. He once called Arianna Huffington, who became his boss after AOL bought his blog, "a very touchy psychopath."

Facebook had one of the most anticipated stock offerings in history. The IPO priced at $38, but shares soon fell sharply.

On Tuesday, the stock climbed 57 cents, or 3 percent, to $19.38.

If Zuckerberg is forthright in the interview about Facebook's IPO and its stock performance "it will be a mark of his maturity," said Wedbush analyst Michael Pachter.

However, "if he is asked about the stock and the IPO and he doesn't come clean and say, 'Here is what we did wrong' and here is how he's going to fix it," Pachter said, then Zuckerberg is "not ready for prime time."

Zuckerberg likes to bring up Facebook's core mission - making the world more "open and connected" - when he talks about the company. But investors want to know how that mission makes Facebook a lasting business and how the company, created in 2004 with desktop computers in mind, will become a true mobile-first pioneer.

Zuckerberg's role will be to guide Facebook as it attempts to strike a balance between making money and remaining a lasting Internet utility for nearly a billion people and counting.

Among the other big questions looming over Zuckerberg and Facebook:

-How will the company attract and keep its most talented employees with its stock price falling?

-Does Zuckerberg have what it takes to be the CEO of a public company?

-Since Facebook won't be able to buy every new Instagram that comes along, how will it stay ahead of younger competitors?

In his letter to shareholders ahead of Facebook's IPO, Zuckerberg stressed that "Facebook was not originally created to be a company." Of course, it is one now, and Zuckerberg recognizes that.

Going forward, "Facebook must find the right balance of information sharing that will enable it to deliver favorable ad targeting, but not antagonize users or legislators who desire greater levels of privacy," said Morgan Stanley analyst Scot Devitt in a recent note to investors.

Arrington likes to ask CEOs to define their company. In May 2010, he asked then-Yahoo CEO Carol Bartz, "What is Yahoo?" Bartz, it turns out, could not give a satisfactory answer. She was fired from Yahoo a year later for failing to revive the company.

Zuckerberg, 28, is in no danger of being fired. He controls more than half of the voting stock in Facebook and has a loyal employee base. But there have been calls on Wall Street to replace him with someone more experienced, including Chief Operating Officer Sheryl Sandberg.

In a recent regulatory filing, Facebook said Zuckerberg does not plan to sell any shares in the company for at least the next 12 months. That proved to be a point of relief for investors who are worried about post-IPO "lock-up" expirations that allow early investors and insiders to sell their shares.

It's a sign that Zuckerberg has faith in Facebook's long-term future. The question now is, whether that's enough?