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Panetta open to military relations with Burma

U.S. Defense Secretary Leon Panetta, right, and Australia's Defense Minister Stephen Smith, left, attend the opening session of the IISS Shangri-la Security Summit in Singapore on June 1, 2012.
AP Photo/Wong Maye-E

(AP) SINGAPORE - Defense Secretary Leon Panetta told Asian leaders Saturday that the U.S. is open to forging better military ties with Burma, if political and human rights reforms there continue.

His comments to a defense conference here reflected new efforts by the Obama administration to ease sanctions on the Asian nation, which is also known as Myanmar, as it moves to implement democratic reforms.

Assuming Burma is able to implement reforms and continue efforts to open up its political system, the Pentagon would be willing to have discussions about how the two nations can improve their military relationship, Panetta said.

"In dealing with countries of the Asia-Pacific region, this is not a Cold War situation where the U.S. barges in, builds permanent bases and tries to establish a power base in this region," Panetta said, responding to a question after his speech here at the Shangri-La Dialogue, a prominent defense conference.

Aung San Suu Kyi urges "healthy skepticism" over Burma's reforms

In the world today, he said, the U.S. has to engage with other countries to help them build their own military capabilities so they can defend themselves.

"We will encourage that kind of relationship with ever nation that we deal with in this region, including Myanmar," Panetta said.

A senior defense official traveling with Panetta said the secretary expects the government of Burma to continue on the path of reform and promotion of human rights, and once it shows progress then stronger military ties could be possible.

The official spoke on condition of anonymity to reflect internal discussions.

Burma is emerging from decades of authoritarian rule and diplomatic isolation. Last month, President Barack Obama eased an investment ban on Burma, and named the first U.S ambassador to the country in 22 years.

Human rights activists, however, criticized the move, saying it was too soon to reward the country since hundreds of political prisoners are still being held there.

Panetta's speech was designed to promote America's new effort to focus more attention on the Asia-Pacific region, both militarily and diplomatically.