India: 1,269,338 square miles
Pakistan: 310,401 square miles
India: New Delhi
Pakistan: Pakistan rupee
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
India: $1.805 trillion; $1,800 per capita.
Pakistan: $282 billion; $2,000 per capita.
India: iron ore, coal, manganese, mica, bauxite, limestone, textiles.
Pakistan: natural gas, limited petroleum, iron ore.
India: $50.2 billion; crude oil and petroleum products, fertilizer, chemicals, machinery, gems.
Pakistan: $9.8 billion: crude oil, edible oil, machinery, chemicals, transport equipment.
India: $36.3 billion: gems and jewelry, clothing, engineering goods, leather manufactures, cotton yarn and fabric.
Pakistan: $8.4 billion: cotton, rice , textiles, clothing.
MAJOR TRADING PARTNERS
India: U.S., U.K. Germany, Hong Kong, Japan, UAE, Belgium, Saudi Arabia.
Pakistan: U.S., U.K., Japan, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Germany, UAE, Saudi Arabia.
India: Hindi (official), English (official), Bengali, Gujarati, Kashmiri, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, Kannada, Assamese, Sanskrit, Sindhi (all recognized by the constitution).
Pakistan: Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English, Burushaski, and others.
India: Hindu, 82.6%; Islam, 11.3%; Christian, 2.4%; Sikh, 2%; Buddhists, 0.71%; Jains, 0.48%
Pakistan: Islam, 97%; Hindu, Christian, Buddhist, Parsi.
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