CHICAGOPresident Barack Obama accused Senate Republicans on Thursday of jeopardizing the "integrity of the judicial branch" by refusing to considerhis "extraordinary" nominee to the Supreme Court.
Holding court before almost 300 Chicago law students, Obama argued that the treatment of judge Merrick Garland will cause the public to lose confidence in the ability of courts at all levels of government to fairly judge cases and resolve controversies.
"Our democracy can't afford that," Obama said.
Obama introduced Garland, chief judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit, three weeks ago at the White House, but the nomination had stalled long before that sunny March day in the Rose Garden.
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., had announced hours after Justice Antonin Scalia's death in February that the Senate would not hold hearings or vote on any nomination Obama sent to Capitol Hill in an election year.
Obama said that stance is jeopardizing democracy.
"We now have a situation where they're saying we simply will not consider the nominee itself. We're just going to shut down the process," Obama said Thursday of Senate Republicans. He said that will lead to potential 4-4 ties from the Supreme Court on cases that remain to be decided and potentially two terms in which the high court will have to manage its workload without a tie-breaking justice. Obama described that as unprecedented.
He said the courts have become a troubling extension of the nation's broken political system.
"That erodes the institutional integrity of the judicial branch," Obama told about 300 students, faculty and judges at the University of Chicago Law School, where he taught constitutional law for more than a decade. "At that point, people lose confidence in the ability of the courts to fairly adjudicate cases and controversies and our democracy can't afford that."
On the Senate floor Thursday, McConnell said Obama would "be telling supporters a politically convenient fairy tale" if the president argued that the Constitution requires a Senate vote on his nominee.
Garland has been meeting with Democratic and Republican senators on Capitol Hill, but there is no indication the sessions are influencing the political calculus of the Senate Republican leadership.
He met Thursday with four Democrats: Sens. Heidi Heitkamp of North Dakota, Sherrod Brown of Ohio, Chris Coons of Delaware and Richard Blumenthal of Connecticut. After his meeting, Blumenthal urged more Republicans to meet with the nominee.
"He will be a unifying force if confirmed," Blumenthal said.
Most GOP senators, including McConnell, have said they will not meet with Garland, though Judiciary Committee Chairman Chuck Grassley of Iowa has invited the judge to meet over breakfast Tuesday. Garland will meet with other Republicans next week, including Sens. Kelly Ayotte of New Hampshire, Rob Portman of Ohio, Lisa Murkowski of Alaska and Jeff Flake of Arizona, the White House said.
Sen. Mark Kirk of Illinois, a Republican regarded as one of the most vulnerable incumbents seeking re-election in November, was the first GOP senator to meet with Garland. Kirk is Garland's home-state senator and one of a few Republicans to call for hearings on his nomination.
Kirk on Thursday tweeted a photo of a handwritten note Obama sent thanking the senator for meeting with Garland late last month. Kirk tweeted that he met with the judge "because my responsibility to the people of (hashtag)IL is more important than partisanship."
Obama has accused Republicans of blocking Garland for political reasons.
In the note to Kirk, Obama said: "Thank you for your fair and responsible treatment of Merrick Garland. It upholds the institutional values of the Senate, and helps preserve the bipartisan ideals of an independent judiciary."
Obama's return to the university marked his first stop there as president. He has often said he misses teaching and being in a classroom.
In remarks to a group of students before the event, Obama joked about possibly returning to teach a once-a-week seminar "in which I have no papers to grade."
From Chicago, Obama is heading to California to raise campaign cash for fellow Democrats at events through late Friday. He was joined on the trip by his daughter Malia, who is expected to start college in the fall.