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More health exams instituted for migrant children at border

Increased health tests at border

More thorough initial health screenings for migrants, as well as secondary screenings, will be held for every child in Border Patrol custody following the deaths of two Guatemalan children this month, according to the Department of Homeland Security. DHS Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen visited Yuma, Arizona, on Saturday, a day after her trip to meet border officials and medical staff in El Paso, Texas.

"The system is clearly overwhelmed and we must work together to address this humanitarian crisis and protect vulnerable populations," Nielsen said in a statement. She called on Congress to "act with urgency."

"As I have said before, I ask Congress to please put politics aside and recognize this for the growing security and humanitarian crisis it is," she said, referring to illegal crossings at the border. Nielsen's visit to Yuma is her 16th visit to the southern border.

Late Friday, El Paso Mayor Dee Margo said he was among those who met with Nielsen, saying they discussed "our immigration needs on the border." The statement from Margo, a Republican, did not mention the deaths of migrant children or whether it was discussed.

Guatemala Child Dead Border Patrol
Neighbors carry the coffin that contain the remains of 7-year-old Jakelin Caal Maquin into her grandparents' home in San Antonio Secortez, Guatemala, Monday, Dec. 24, 2018. Oliver de Ros / AP

The trip came days after the death of 8-year-old Felipe Gomez Alonzo in Alamogordo, New Mexico. Felipe was the second Guatemalan child to die in government custody in three weeks. A 7-year-old girl, Jakelin Caal, died in El Paso earlier this month. Caal's father has denied Customs and Border Patrol's (CBP's) claim that she did not consume food or water days before crossing the border. 

Nielsen has called the death "deeply concerning and heartbreaking" and requested medical help from other government agencies, including the U.S. Coast Guard. As Nielsen made the trip to Texas, New Mexico's Democratic senators, Tom Udall and Martin Heinrich, sent her a letter Friday seeking answers about the boy's death.

"The timeline, action and factors that led to Felipe's death are still developing, but the information that has become public so far is alarming and demands immediate attention and investigation," the letter says.

President Trump blamed Democrats for migrant deaths at the border Saturday. He tweeted the deaths are the fault of "their pathetic immigration policies that allow people to make the long trek thinking they can enter our country illegally."

"The two children in question were very sick before they were given over to Border Patrol," he added.

Mr. Trump's tweet came as the president and congressional Democrats are deadlocked over funding for a border wall. Mr. Trump has refused to sign any partial government funding bill that does not contain the money he wants to build it. Democrats, meanwhile, are unwilling to spend more than $1.6 billion on the border wall. The partial government shutdown entered its eighth day on Saturday.

U.S. Rep. Raul Grijalva, an Arizona Democrat whose district includes Yuma and much of the border, issued a statement Saturday saying Nielsen was visiting Yuma "under the dark cloud of a Republican-induced government shutdown, the president's threats to close the border and the tragic deaths of two children in DHS custody."

Trump threatens to shut down southern border over wall funding

Felipe and his father, Agustin Gomez, were apprehended by border agents on December 18 near the Paso del Norte bridge connecting El Paso to Juarez, Mexico, according to U.S. Customs and Border Protection. The two were detained at the bridge's processing center and then the Border Patrol station in El Paso, until being taken at about 1 a.m. Sunday to a facility in Alamogordo, New Mexico, about 90 miles away.

After an agent noticed Felipe coughing, father and son were taken to an Alamogordo hospital, where Felipe was diagnosed with a common cold and found to have a fever of 103 degrees Fahrenheit (39.4 degrees Celsius), CBP has said.

Felipe was held for observation for 90 minutes, according to CBP, before being released with prescriptions for amoxicillin and ibuprofen. But the boy fell sick hours later on Monday and was readmitted to the hospital. He died just before midnight.

New Mexico authorities said an autopsy showed Felipe had the flu, but more tests need to be done before a cause of death can be determined.

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