The number ofthus far in 2019 has outpaced the number of days this year, according to a gun violence research group. Before this year has even ended, 2019 has already had more mass shootings than any year since the research group started keeping track.
As of December 1, which is the 335th day of the year, there have been 385 mass shootings in the U.S., according to data from the nonprofit Gun Violence Archive (GVA), which tracks every mass shooting in the country. Twenty-nine of those shootings were mass murders.
The GVA defines a mass shooting as any incident in which at least four people are shot, excluding the shooter. The group also tracks mass murders as defined by the FBI — incidents in which at least four people are killed. The FBI does not have a formal definition of a mass shooting.
The toll of 385 mass shootings includes several high-profile attacks, two of which happened within 24 hours of each other:
- on December 1 that left 11 people injured.
- A shooting at Saugus High School in Santa Clarita, California, on November 14, with two teenage students killed and three wounded. The suspect, a 16-year-old student, shot himself in the head and .
- A in Odessa and Midland, Texas, on August 31, with seven people killed and 24 wounded
- A shooting in a historic district of Dayton, Ohio, on August 4, with nine people killed and 27 injured.
- A shooting at Walmart in , on August 3, with 22 people killed and at least 24 wounded. It was the deadliest shooting of the year.
- A shooting in a municipal building in Virginia Beach, on May 31, where a former city employee killed 12 people and wounded four.
With one month left, 2019 already has the highest number of mass shootings in any year since 2014, when the Gun Violence Archive started its count. It has surpassed the prior record of 382 mass shootings in 2016. The GVA reported 346 mass shootings in 2017 and 337 in 2018.