Washington — President Trump has signed a continuing resolution that will extend government funding through Sunday to allow negotiations over a government spending measure and a coronavirus relief bill to continue. The House and Senate passed the resolution earlier Friday.
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell insisted Friday night that "both sides of the aisle have firmly committed to finalizing another major pandemic rescue package for the American people." But, he continued, "as of right now, we have not yet reached a final agreement, regretfully."
Democratic House Majority Leader Steny Hoyer said Friday there would be no vote on the spending measure or the relief bill on Saturday. As a result, the earliest the House can vote is Sunday.
A last-minute proposal by GOP Senator Pat Toomey to wind down some of the Federal Reserve's emergency lending programs stalled negotiations over the relief bill by Friday morning. Democrats worry that slashing the Fed's authority could be destabilizing for the economy and damaging for the incoming Biden administration.
"An agreement was in sight to deliver aid to the American people until Senator Toomey and Republicans inserted an 11th hour, purely political, unrelated provision to tie Biden's hands and risk throwing the economy into a tailspin," a senior Democratic aide told CBS News on Friday.
Senate Democrats accused Republicans of trying to insert a poison pill.
"We almost have a bipartisan COVID package, but at the last minute Republicans are making a demand that WAS NEVER MENTIONED AS KEY TO THE NEGOTIATIONS. They want to block the FED from helping the economy under Biden. It's the reason we don't have a deal," Hawaii Senator Brian Schatz tweeted.
Senator Chris Murphy of Connecticut tweeted that it was "fascinating" how "Republicans were fine with this Fed power when Trump was President but now all of a sudden it's bad."
"Almost like they want to use the COVID relief package to sabotage Biden's presidency," Murphy wrote.
Toomey said in a statement on Friday that his only intention was to wind down authorizations provided to the Fed by Congress in the CARES Act in March.
The clock is quickly running out for Congress to pass anything ahead of the Christmas holiday. Congress passed a continuing resolution last week to extend the deadline for government funding to December 18, but an additional week for negotiations does not appear to have been enough time for lawmakers to craft an omnibus spending bill that is mutually agreeable to the Democrats controlling the House and the Republican majority in the Senate. Lawmakers also wish to append a coronavirus relief bill to this omnibus measure, and congressional leaders are still negotiating that deal.
The need to pass a relief bill is just as urgent as an overarching government spending bill. Around 12 million Americans arethe day after Christmas, with the expiration of the Pandemic Unemployment Assistance and the Pandemic Emergency Unemployment Compensation programs, which were established in the spring by the CARES Act. Nearly 500,000 people for the Pandemic Emergency Unemployment Compensation program, intended to aid gig workers, in the week ending December 12.
A bipartisan, bicameral group of lawmakers last week introduced two bills amounting to $908 billion which would address some of these issues, such as a provision to reinstate the weekly unemployment benefits at $300 per week for four months.
McConnell, Pelosi, Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer and House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy have engaged in negotiations in recent days along with Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin to come to an agreement on a bill largely based on this framework. The bill they are negotiating would also likely cost around $900 billion, and also include a second round of direct payments to Americans under a certain income threshold.
The unlikely duo of Republican Senator Josh Hawley and Independent Senator Bernie Sanders have joined forces to push for $1,200 direct checks, a larger amount than what top lawmakers are negotiating to be included in the bill. Both have threatened to allow government funding to lapse unless the Senate holds a vote on this issue.
Meanwhile, top lawmakers have insisted for days that they are nearing a deal on a relief bill, even as time is running out to come to an agreement. In his speech on Thursday, McConnell said that he did not want Congress to continue to "haggle and spar like this were an ordinary political exercise."
"After all these months, struggling Americans don't just need action. They need action fast," McConnell said.
The House passed a massive $3.4 trillion relief bill in May and another smaller one in October, but McConnell and other Republicans refused to consider these bills due to the price tag. McConnell and Senate Republicans introduced a $500 billion targeted relief bill, but it was blocked multiple times in the Senate by Democrats who argued that it did not go far enough.
But with a government shutdown looming and a new administration waiting in the wings to take office next year, congressional leaders have finally decided to start negotiating in earnest.
"I hope we also remember just how urgent the situation is for millions and millions of our fellow citizens," McConnell said on Thursday, nearly nine months after the CARES Act was signed into law.
Nancy Cordes contributed reporting.
for more features.