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Global population to hit 8 billion this year, U.N. says

U.S. population growth hits record low
U.S. population growth hits record low 03:32

United Nations — The world's population is expected to reach eight billion on November 15, the United Nations forecast Monday in a report that said India will surpass China as the most populous country on earth in 2023. That overall population milestone "is a reminder of our shared responsibility to care for our planet and a moment to reflect on where we still fall short of our commitments to one another," Secretary General Antonio Guterres said, without citing specifics.

"This is an occasion to celebrate our diversity, recognize our common humanity, and marvel at advancements in health that have extended lifespans and dramatically reduced maternal and child mortality rates," he added.

India Eid al-Fitr
Muslims leave after offering prayers on Eid al-fitr at Jama Mosque in Ahmedabad, India, May 3, 2022. Ajit Solanki/AP

The forecast by the U.N. Department of Economic and Social Affairs said the world's population is growing at its slowest pace since 1950.

Birth rates drop amid pandemic in U.S. and other countries around the world 07:03

It should hit 8.5 billion in 2030 and 9.7 billion in 2050, peaking at around 10.4 billion people in the 2080s before steadying at that level until 2100.

While a net drop in birth rates is observed in several developing countries, more than half of the rise forecast in the world's population in the coming decades will be concentrated in eight countries, the report said.

It said they are the Democratic Republic of Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines and Tanzania.

As CBS News correspondent Pamela Falk reports, the U.N.'s population report says that while it took hundreds of thousands of years for the world's population to hit the 1 billion mark, it grew sevenfold in only 200 years or so, driven largely by increasing numbers of people surviving to reproductive age, and has been accompanied by major changes in fertility rates, increasing urbanization and accelerating migration.

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