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French Catholic Church inquiry finds "veil of silence" hid abuse of 216,000 minors over 5 decades

Historic sex abuse in French Catholic Church
Historic sex abuse in French Catholic Church 01:11

Paris — An independent inquiry into alleged sex abuse of minors by French Catholic priests, deacons and other clergy has found some 216,000 victims from 1950 to 2020, a "massive phenomenon" that was covered up for decades by a "veil of silence."

The landmark report, released Tuesday after two and a half years of investigations, follows widespread outrage over a string of sex abuse claims and prosecutions against Church officials around the globe. But as CBS News correspondent Chris Livesay reports, the French inquiry involves not only the latest revelations about abuse by Catholic clergy, but possibly highest number of victims ever identified by reports and investigations that have been carried out worldwide.

When lay members of the Church such as teachers at Catholic schools are included, the number of child abuse victims climbs to 330,000 over the seven-decade period.  

France's Catholic bishops asked the victims for forgiveness. The Vatican did not immediately issue any comment.

France Church Abuse
An April 2016 file photo shows French Cardinal Philippe Barbarin, Archbishop of Lyon, at the Saint-Jean Cathedral in Lyon, central France, several years before he was convicted of covering up sexual abuse in the French Catholic Church. Laurent Cipriani/AP

"These figures are more than worrying, they are damning and in no way can remain without a response," the president of the investigative committee, Jean-Marc Sauve, said at a press conference.

"Until the early 2000s the Catholic Church showed a profound and even cruel indifference towards the victims," he said.

Archbishop Eric de Moulins-Beaufort, president of the Bishops' Conference of France (CEF) which co-requested the report, expressed his "shame and horror" at the findings.

"My wish today is to ask forgiveness from each of you," he told the news conference.

Sauve denounced the "systemic character" of efforts to shield clergy from sex abuse claims, and urged the Church to pay reparations even though And even though most cases are well beyond the statute of limitations for prosecution.

FRANCE-RELIGION-CATHOLIC-CHILDREN-ABUSE
Commission president Jean-Marc Sauve (L), hands copies of the report to Catholic Bishop Eric de Moulins-Beaufort, president of the Bishops' Conference of France (CEF), during the publishing of a report by an independant commission into sexual abuse by church officials (Ciase) on October 5, 2021, in Paris. THOMAS COEX/POOL/AFP/Getty

The report, at nearly 2,500 pages, found that the "vast majority" of victims were pre-adolescent boys from a wide variety of social backgrounds.

"The Catholic Church is, after the circle of family and friends, the environment that has the highest prevalence of sexual violence," the report said.

A "deviant system"

Sauve had already told AFP on Sunday that a "minimum estimate" of 2,900 to 3,200 pedophiles had operated in the French Church since 1950. Yet only a handful of cases prompted disciplinary action under canonical law, let alone criminal prosecution.

Francois Devaux, head of a victims' association, condemned a "deviant system" that required a comprehensive response under a new "Vatican III" council led by Pope Francis.

"You have finally given an institutional recognition to victims of all the Church's responsibilities, something that bishops and the pope have not yet been prepared to do," Devaux told the conference Tuesday.

The victim estimates were based in large part on a representative study carried out by France's INSERM health and medical research institute, with a statistical "confidence interval" of 50,000 people more or fewer.

Sauve and his team of 21 specialists, all unaffiliated with the Church, also interviewed hundreds of people who came forward to recount their histories.

"If the veil of silence covering the acts committed has finally been torn open... we owe it to the courage of these victims," he wrote. "Without their testimony, our society would still be unaware or in denial of what happened."

The commission also had access to police files as well as Church archives, citing only two cases of refusals by Church institutions to turn over requested documents.

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