NEW YORK -- It's quickly becoming a new holiday tradition: Americans get up from the Thanksgiving table and go shopping.
In the Chicago suburb of Naperville, Illinois, the parking lot of a Wal-Mart store was full roughly 30 minutes before Thanksgiving deals started at 6 p.m., including $199 iPad minis.
In New York City, there were 500 people in line by the time a Target store in the East Harlem neighborhood opened at 6 p.m. And 200 people rushed at the Toys R Us in New York City's Times Square when it opened at 5 p.m.
Mary Smalls, 40, was at Target trying to get all her shopping done on Thanksgiving because she wanted to avoid going out on the day after the holiday, known as Black Friday.
"I'm going to try to avoid the crowds," said Smalls, who plans to spend $300 to $400 on gifts this year.
Thanksgiving shopping has come a long way. Just a few years ago, when a few stores started opened late on the holiday, the move was met with resistance from workers and shoppers who believed the day should be sacred.
But last year, more than dozen major retailers opened at some point on Thanksgiving evening. And this year, at least half of them -- including Target, Macy's, Staples and J.C. Penney -- opened earlier in the evening on the holiday.
The Thanksgiving openings are one way retailers are trying to compete for Americans' holiday dollars. Used to be that Black Friday was when they'd focus their sales promotions. But increasingly, they've been pushing those promotions earlier on Friday - and eventually into the holiday itself - to grab deal-hungry shoppers' attention.
Bill Martin, co-founder of ShopperTrak, which tracks data at 70,000 stores globally, is expecting a sales increase of 3 percent to 5 percent to $2.57 billion to $2.62 billion on Thanksgiving. Last year's figure grew two-fold from the year before.
The National Retail Federation expects 25.6 million shoppers to take advantage of the Thanksgiving openings, down slightly down from last year.
Kathy Grannis, a spokeswoman at the retail trade group, said that earlier promotions in the month and shoppers' uncertainty about when they can get the best deals are factors that could lead to fewer shoppers coming out on the holiday.
Nevertheless, Thanksgiving is starting to take a bite out of Black Friday business. Indeed, sales dropped 13.2 percent to $9.74 billion on Black Friday last year. Analysts said Thanksgiving sales were in part responsible for the decline.
And Gerald Storch, who runs a retail consultancy called Storch Advisors, said stores that open on Thanksgiving get more of their share for the weekend than others who open on Friday.
"That's why they keep doing it," he said. "You have to be first."
Being first can lure shoppers like Raquila Wilkinson, 34, who arrived at the Target in New York at 2 a.m. -- a full 15.5 hours before its 6 p.m. opening. She has been deal hunting on Thanksgiving for a few years now.
"It's a tradition," said Wilkinson. "I look forward to it."
On Wilkinson's shopping list? A 40-inch TV for $119 and headphones for $97 and pajamas for $5. "I made a map in my brain," she said.
Not every shopper is happy about stores opening on the holiday. A number of petitions have been circulating on change.org targeting Wal-Mart, Target and other retailers for opening their stores on Thanksgiving, or starting their sales that day. Most of Wal-Mart's stores already open around the clock.
Even some shoppers who were out on Thanksgiving felt a tinge of guilt. "I'd prefer to spend the whole day with my family," said Hector Huayamade, 34, who was shopping at the Toys R Us in New York while visiting from Florida with his family. "But the stores are open so we do it."
Not every store was open on Thanksgiving, though. Some, including GameStop, Costco and Ikea, said they wouldn't open because they want their workers to enjoy the holiday.