Sherry L. Johnston was arrested Thursday after officers served a search warrant on a Wasilla home. The 42-year-old Johnston has been charged with six felony drug counts.
Troopers did not identify the drug involved in a brief mention on the agency's Web site.
Johnston is the mother of 18-year-old Levi Johnston. Sarah Palin, the Republican nominee for vice president, announced in September that her 18-year-old daughter, Bristol, was pregnant and Johnston was the father.
Sherry Johnston was released from jail on $5,000 bail.