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Blair Pushes For Broad Mideast Strategy

Prime Minister Tony Blair told the advisory group reviewing strategy on Iraq on Tuesday that a push for peace across the Middle East and help for Baghdad to root out sectarianism in its security forces were key to stemming bloodshed, his official spokesman said.

Speaking privately via video link to the Iraq Study Group, Blair set no timetable for the withdrawal of British or other coalition troops from Iraq, the spokesman said, but had stressed the importance of what he called in a speech Monday a "whole Middle East strategy" to counter militancy around the region.

The British prime minister, President Bush's closest ally in Iraq, emphasized the importance of a resolution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, which he said was "important in its own right, but also to take away the issue that was most exploited by extremist elements around the region," Blair said, according to the spokesman, who discussed Blair's comments on customary condition of anonymity, in keeping with government policy.

Blair said a positive strategy for the Israeli-Palestinian conflict would help Britain and the U.S. win the support of moderate Muslims and increase pressure on Iran and Syria to work for peace, the spokesman said. He told the group he believed Iran was "a strategic threat to the region," his spokesman said.

"The only way to deal with Iran, he said, was not to back down on our demands, but to take away their ability to exploit Muslim opinion and to confront both it and Syria with the strategic choice of whether to be supportive of the solution, or face isolation," Blair said.

The isolation of Iran and Syria would likely have harsh repercussions for their economies, he said.

He said Blair had listed three key areas in which Britain, the United States and their allies should give support to the Iraqi government.

Blair told Baker's panel the Iraqi government needed support to distribute funding fairly across the country, to root out sectarianism — particularly within the police — and to "better equip the Iraqi army," the spokesman said.

"He said he believed the Iraqi government increasingly wanted to take control of its own affairs and to do so in a way which brought together the country as a whole," Blair's spokesman said.

Mr. Bush and senior White House officials met Monday with members of the panel, which is led by Republican and Bush family friend James A. Baker III and former Democratic Rep. Lee Hamilton.

Baker's group, which aims to deliver recommendations on strategy in Iraq to Bush by the end of the year, also has interviewed outgoing Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld and Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice.

On Monday, a pair of Democrats publicly called for some form of troop withdrawal from Iraq.

Sen. Carl Levin, D-Mich., who will likely take over the Senate Armed Services committee, called for U.S. troops to be redeployed over the course of four to six months.

Rep. John Murtha of Pennsylvania, a Vietnam war veteran and outspoken critic of the Iraq war told CBS Evening News anchor Katie Couric he wants a "complete redeployment of our troops out of Iraq over a period of time. And give the Iraqis the incentive to take over their own destiny."

Americans are hoping the report will offer a more effective policy on Iraq, an issue that cost Republicans heavily in last week's midterm elections and put Democrats in charge of Congress.

About 7,200 British troops are based in southern Iraq, and Blair repeated to Baker's group that they would stay there until local forces could take on security responsibilities, his spokesman said. A total of 125 British troops have died in Iraq.

Blair's comments to the panel echoed his speech Monday, when called on Iran to cease support for extremists and comply with demands to suspend its uranium enrichment program.