Arafat said Palestinian Prime Minister Mahmoud Abbas failed to win real commitments from Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon at Wednesday's summit in the Red Sea resort of Aqaba.
"Unfortunately, the Israelis did not give anything. What does it mean to move a trailer here or there?" Arafat said, referring to Israeli outposts.
Arafat was also furious to see his deputy taking his place at center stage at the summit with President Bush and Sharon, a Palestinian official said Thursday on condition of anonymity.
Arafat, who has been confined by Israel to the West Bank for more than a year, was furthermore upset that Abbas did not mention the Israeli siege in his speech at Aqaba, the official said. Israel has indicated that if Arafat leaves the West Bank, he will not be allowed to return.
As Israel took the first steps toward dismantling illegal settlements Thursday, about 40,000 settlers and their supporters protested the "road map" peace plan and summit.
"They say it's a road map that will lead to peace but we know different," Moshe Ben Israel, a New Yorker who moved to the West Bank settlement of Kfar Tapuach, told CBS News Correspondent Robert Berger. "It's a road map which if we listen to the dictates of the White House will lead us directly back to Auschwitz," the Nazi death camp.
About 100 outposts, consisting of a few mobile homes each, have been set up by settlers on West Bank hilltops in the past five years to thwart land-for-peace agreements. At Wednesday's summit in the Jordanian Red Sea resort of Aqaba, under the auspices of President Bush, Sharon said he would start removing outposts, but did not say how many.
The peace plan calls for dismantling those established since March 2001, when Sharon took office. The Maariv daily on Thursday quoted Sharon as saying he had disagreements with the United States over the outposts.
Israeli Defense Minister Shaul Mofaz met with army commanders Thursday to prepare for dismantling 12 to 15 settlement outposts in the West Bank, the Haaretz daily said. The ministry confirmed the meeting, but declined comment on what was discussed. The first outposts will be removed in the coming days, said Zalman Shoval, an adviser to Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon.
Despite attempts by the United States and Israel to sideline Arafat, Palestinian officials said he was playing a significant behind-the-scenes role in directing Abbas as he held talks with Bush and Mideast leaders.
Israelis and Palestinians, meanwhile, took tentative steps toward meeting their first obligations under the Mideast peace plan affirmed at the Aqaba summit.
Abbas prepared to meet with Islamic militants in the Gaza Strip over the weekend and is confident he will extract a pledge from them within a week to halt attacks on Israelis, his advisers said.
Shmuel Kalner, another native New Yorker who now lives in the West Bank settlement of Tal Menashe, said after the failure of the Oslo peace Accords, it would be "downright stupid" to sign another agreement with the Palestinians.
"I don't trust them because they've been lying ever since they signed the agreements," Kalner said.
Implementation of the so-called "road map" to Palestinian statehood by 2005 will be supervised by international monitors, with the United States taking the lead.
A contingent of 12 to 15 CIA and State Department officials was to arrive in the region by Friday, said Palestinian Foreign Minister Nabil Shaath. The group will be headed by State Department official John S. Wolf, who has served in Australia, Vietnam, Greece and Pakistan. Wolf is assistant secretary for nonproliferation.
Opposition to the peace plan also was strong in Palestinian areas.
Leaders of the militant groups Hamas and Islamic Jihad accused Abbas of selling out. At Wednesday's summit, Abbas pledged to end the "armed intefadeh," renounced "terrorism against the Israelis wherever they might be" and alluded to the disarming of militants.
Despite their criticism, Hamas and Islamic Jihad officials said Thursday they were willing to hear the prime minister's proposals, but insisted the groups would not lay down their arms. The militant groups have killed hundreds of Israelis in shootings and bombings in the past 32 months of fighting.
A senior Palestinian official, speaking on condition of anonymity, said Abbas is confident he can persuade the two groups to suspend attacks. Abbas is to meet with Hamas and Islamic Jihad leaders over the weekend, the official said.
If he is successful in reaching a so-called "hudna," he will hold more talks with Sharon, their third one-on-one in a month. Shoval confirmed another Sharon-Abbas meeting was planned in the near future.
At the Jerusalem demonstration Wednesday evening, cabinet minister Effie Eitam, who heads the pro-settlement National Religious Party, mocked claims that the Aqaba summit brings hope.
"Hope for whom? For terror? This is the hope of the evil," he told the crowd. "Our hope is to continue living in this land — which is all ours, which all belongs to us," he said, referring to Israel and the West Bank.
Settler Ben Israel said Israel needs to fight terror the way President Bush fights terror.
"We're not talking about one terrorist attack like 9-11, we're talking about terrorist attacks every day," he told Berger. "What needs to be done is to root out the terrorists and drive out the Arab enemy."
Sharon, a major settlement builder in the past two decades, is willing to uproot 17 of the communities to create the territorial continuity needed for a Palestinian state, Israeli Parliament Speaker Reuven Rivlin said in an interview with Haaretz. Rivlin did not name the settlements on Sharon's list, but the newspaper said they included several small ones in the northern West Bank.
Maariv quoted Sharon as saying he was committed to the peace plan, despite misgivings. "I don't say it's easy for me, but I know we have to do these things," Sharon told Maariv. "No one is dragging me. I know where I am going."