A growing number of U.S. colleges and universities are abandoning ACT and SAT scores as part of their admissions process. The so-called test-blind movement has gathered steam this year amid widespread cancellations of the standardized tests because of.
The list of schools dropping the exams includes Northern Illinois University; Reed College in Oregon; Hampshire College in Massachusetts; Loyola University in New Orleans; the University of New England; Washington State University; and some University of California campuses, including Berkeley.
Admissions staff at these schools cite two basic reasons for dropping the ACT and SAT, long a rite of passage for high school students planning for college. The first is one of simple scheduling given the pandemic: Canceled testing days in the spring and summer made it impossible for students to take exams in time for fall admissions.
The second, however, is more fundamental — some education experts say the ACT and SAT are a poor predictor of whether a student will succeed in college.
"Our research has shown that a student's performance in high school is the most significant predictor of academic success at UNE," Scott Steinberg, who runs the University of New England's admissions office, said in a statement in May when the school announced that it was going test-blind. "Standardized tests provide very little — if any — incremental value beyond the high school record and grade point average."
Adopting a test-blind policy is different from a college going test-optional, which many campuses have done in recent years. Test-optional colleges, such as Arizona State University, Texas A&M University and Drexel University, will consider ACT and SAT scores when selecting a student — but only if the student chooses to submit them.
Test-blind colleges completely ignore exam scores when assessing a student's application, placing more emphasis on the person's high school GPA, admissions essay and other factors.
Staple at most admissions offices
Despite the shift away from entrance exams at some schools, the ACT and SAT remain a staple at most admissions offices. Almost 2.2 million high school students from the Class of 2020 took the SAT, up from 2.1 million in 2018, College Board data show. More than 1.7 million students took the ACT in 2019, a slight dip from 1.9 million in 2018.
Ignoring test scores is a mistake in college admissions, according to ACT, a nonprofit organization based in Iowa City, Iowa. High school teachers, particularly ones at wealthy private schools, may inflate their seniors' grades if colleges begin placing greater weight on a student's academic record, former ACT CEO Marten Roorda said earlier this year in a letter to the University of California. Eliminating the ACT "is a short-term Band-Aid that shortchanges students in the long run," Roorda said.
ACT respects any college's decision to go test blind and the nonprofit offers its help to schools developing a different criteria evaluating potential students, ACT's interim chief Janet Godwin told CBS MoneyWatch.
"We have and will remain a valid and trustworthy measure for colleges – regardless of their test use policy," she said.
The College Board, the New York-based nonprofit organization that administers the SAT, told CBS MoneyWatch that schools going test blind ultimately bars students from making their admissions application stand out.
"All students should have the opportunity to distinguish themselves in as many ways as they can," the nonprofit said in a statement. "Taking that off the table altogether isn't helpful for students."
After canceling test dates for March, April and May, the College Board asked admissions offices if they could extend application deadlines for students who didn't get a chance to take the exam. In June, the College Board said it was examining offering at-home SAT testing as well as looking for local high schools, colleges and other sites to provide more space for in-person testing.
The College Board and ACT have since reopened testing centers and are now offering dates in October.