Being a parent is a full time job. Nonetheless, on top of the substantial energy required to raise a child, most parents in the United States are also employed. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, among U.S. families that have children, 88.7 percent have at least one working parent. In 60.2 percent of those families both parents worked.
In recent years there's been a movement to provide more resources and support to working parents. Four states (California, New Jersey, Rhode Island and Washington) now have paid family leave laws that require employers to grant workers paid time off for family emergencies or childbirth. Meanwhile, universal pre-k has been gaining public support in cities such as New York and Chicago and along the presidential campaign trail.
Even in places that have moved to support working parents, however, there are a lot of challenges to those who are trying to raise a child while holding a job. Bad traffic, for example, takes on a whole different tenor when it means running late to pick your kid up from school. Likewise, a downturn in the job market is doubly stressful for workers who have extra mouths to feed.
To find the best cities for working parents, SmartAsset analyzed data on 446 of the largest cities in the U.S.
Along with the family leave policies in all 50 states, SmartAsset considered metrics such as the cost of housing in each city, the average commute time, average childcare costs and the graduation rate at local schools. Our analysis considered nine metrics in total. (Click here for more on the methodology.)
Click ahead for a look at the top 10 cities for working parents.