Do you expect your parents to leave you a financial legacy? Nearly half of working-age Americans assume that they will receive an inheritance that will support them later in life, according to a recent survey by financial services company HSBC.
Perhaps the bigger question, though, is how to even approach this topic with your parents. "No matter how you look at this, it's such a sensitive issue," said Gwen Morgan, author of the "What If ... Workbook," a guide that helps people give loved ones necessary information if anything happens to them.
You don't want to appear greedy by asking your parents, "Do I have an inheritance?" But, you do need answers to certain questions to ensure that your parents' financial wishes are carried out and there is a smooth transition of wealth and assets.
Here's how to approach this touchy subject and get the information you need.
This article, How to talk to your parents about your inheritance, was originally published on GOBankingRates.com.
How to start the conversation about your inheritance
The burning question on your mind might be how much money you'll get in your inheritance from your parents. However, you shouldn't ask how much you stand to inherit because the amount can change over your parents' remaining lives, said Chris Blackmon, a certified public accountant (CPA) with wealth management firm Biggers Blackmon LLC. Plus, you don't want your parents to mistake your question as a sense of entitlement, he said. Instead, you should start by asking your parents about whether they have an estate plan.
You can say, "I don't want to know the numbers. I just want to be able to follow your instructions out of love," said Saul Simon, a certified financial planner (CFP) and author of "Simon Says: Love Your Legacy." It's important that your parents know that you want to know what they want if something happens to them, he said.
A good way to start this conversation is to reference a resource, such as a book or an article you read about the importance of estate planning. You could share what you've learned or offer to let them read the resource themselves.
Or, you could say that you're doing your own estate planning so that there is no question about who gets what when you're gone, then ask whether your parents have taken any similar steps. "You might even acknowledge how awkward and difficult this conversation is for you as you do not wish their demise but are just trying to figure things out," said Ruth Nemzoff, an expert in family dynamics and author of the book "Don't Bite Your Tongue."
If one approach doesn't work, try another. Above all, be respectful and recognize that it could take time, said Simon.
When to talk about your inheritance plan
Both Blackmon and Simon said that the holidays are a good time to address estate planning with your parents if your family will be gathering together. "It is important that all are included and feel equally included," said Blackmon.
This doesn't mean you should bring up your potential inheritance from your parents at the dinner table right after you ask Mom or Dad to pass the turkey. But, you should take the opportunity when everyone is gathered to start a conversation.
You'll likely get a better reception from your parents if you let the conversation happen naturally rather than scheduling a time to talk, said Morgan. That's when using a story about your own financial planning or an example of someone's failure to plan can be effective.
What you need to know
Regardless of the way or when you approach the topic of an inheritance from your parents, the goal of the conversation is to make sure parents have a plan in place so there will be a clear path for whomever is left behind to go forward, Morgan said. Start by finding out whether they have these key legal documents:
- A will
- A power of attorney document that designates someone to make financial and legal decisions if they are unable to do themselves
- A living will or health care directive to designate someone to make health care decisions and specify end-of-life care
Find out where your parents keep these documents and how you can access them if necessary. Also, ask if they have written funeral or burial instructions.
You also need to ask your parents to provide other important information so you can handle their finances if they are unable to or when they die:
- Account numbers and passwords
- Insurance policies and contact information for their insurers
- Contact information for their accountant, attorney, financial planner or other financial professional
- Contact information for their retirement plan or pension administrator
Morgan said most parents will not be willing to provide their children with their account numbers and passwords. So, she recommends that you ask your parents to make a list of accounts or use "The What If ... Workbook" to record important financial information and store it in a fireproof safe in their home along with their Social Security card, passport, deeds and other important documents.
When not to ask about your inheritance
The key to having any conversation about money is establishing trust. You don't want to talk to your parents about their estate if you've recently argued with them or haven't demonstrated to them that you can be financially responsible, said Nemzoff.
Nor do you want to ask about their finances at times of turmoil, such as the recent drop in the stock market, Morgan said. Your parents might think you're touching on the topic only because you're concerned about whether there will be money left for you.