BOSTON -- There's a reason that people commonly say that "nobody knows what a catch is in the NFL." The primary reason for that is the NFL itself.
Case and point: The NFL's explanation for the overturning of what looked like a Hunter Henry touchdown for the Patriots on Thanksgiving night in Minnesota.
After a very long review process, the NFL league office determined that Henry's touchdown catch would be overturned. The Patriots had to settle for a field goal instead, taking a 26-23 lead. After the game -- which the Patriots lost, 33-26 -- VP of officiating Walt Anderson did his best to explain why the touchdown was overturned. In doing so, he cited a rule that does not exist.
Pool reporter Mike Reiss asked Anderson why Henry wasn't granted possession before the ball hit the turf.
"Because as he's going to the ground, he has to maintain control of the ball upon contacting the ground. The term that's commonly used is 'surviving the ground' -- a lot of people refer to that," said Anderson, he of DeflateGate renown. "So, as he's going to the ground, he has the elements of two feet and control, but because he's going to the ground, he has to maintain control of the ball when he does go to the ground."
Here's the issue with that: It's not the rule.
The NFL used to have an element of surviving the ground, and it was that piece of the catch rule that caused Jesse James' touchdown against the Patriots in 2017 to turn into Jesse James' drop against the Patriots in 2017. Nobody -- outside of the Patriots on that one evening -- involved with the NFL liked that element of the rule, so in 2018, the "surviving the ground" aspect was eliminated from the rule book.
"'Surviving the ground' dead in the NFL! New catch rule passes," a Toronto Sun headline from 2018 reads.
A Yahoo Sports' column was titled, "Best part of proposed NFL catch rule: the words 'survive the ground' aren't involved."
The Boston Globe news article on the rule change said, "In other words, you can scrap the term 'surviving the ground' from your football lexicon."
On NFL.com, in the story about NFL owners unanimously approving the new catch rule in 2018, the story says this: "The key change to the rule eliminated the 'going-to-the-ground' element of the previous rule."
Here is the rule, as written:
A forward pass is complete (by the offense) or intercepted (by the defense) in the field of play, at the sideline, or in the end zone if a player, who is inbounds:
(a) secures control of the ball in his hands or arms prior to the ball touching the ground, and
(b) touches the ground inbounds with both feet or with any part of his body other than his hands, and
(c) after (a) and (b) have been fulfilled, performs any act common to the game (e.g., tuck the ball away, extend it forward, take an additional step, turn upfield, or avoid or ward off an opponent), or he maintains control of the ball long enough to do so.
The rule book adds that "movement of the ball does not automatically result in loss of control."
Nowhere in the rulebook is there any mention of surviving the ground. Nowhere does the rulebook state that a player must maintain possession through the ground if he has satisfied the three elements of a catch.
(Consideringabout why a Bengals touchdown was not taken off the board in last year's playoff, nothing about this is surprising.)
Putting aside the fact that it's very difficult to say that Henry's entire hand wasn't under the football when it contacted the ground ...
... that technically should not have been a factor in the ruling.
Parts A and B of the catch requirements were clearly met, as Henry secured control of the ball before his left foot and left knee hit the ground. In the process of coming down, Henry reaches his arms out to cross the ball over the goal line, thereby satisfying requirement C.
In another twist, the NFL rulebook states this: "An on-field ruling will be changed only when the Senior Vice President of Officiating or his or her designee determines that clear and obvious visual evidence warrants a change." It then adds this: "A decision must be made within 60 seconds from when video is shared with the Referee on the field." Referee Alex Kemp spent an entire commercial break looking at the tablet on the sideline, and he remained there for 75 seconds after the game returned from commercial break. The 60-second rule seemingly exists to ensure that the "clear and obvious" rule is maintained, but that mechanism was not followed in this instance.
Complicating matters is the fact on the broadcast -- aka the manner in which 99.9 percent of viewers take in the game as it's being played -- NBC rules analyst Terry McAualay also referenced "surviving the ground."
"Mike, he's going to the ground, he's gotta maintain control when the ball hits the ground. It looks to me like he clearly loses control after the ball hits the ground," McAualay said. "He's gotta complete the process of the catch. Absolutely an incomplete pass, guys."
Play-by-play announcer Mike Tirico then noted that Henry did not survive the ground, and analyst Tony Dungy then said that Henry cost himself the reception by reaching for the goal line, when in fact it was that move "common to the game" that theoretically should have made it a catch.
Howis up to the viewer's imagination on how things would have played out if the Patriots had taken a 30-23 lead instead of a 26-23 lead. Nothing can be said definitively -- much like the topic of controversial and confounding rulings on what is and what is not a catch in the NFL.
Just four years ago, the NFL eliminated the "surviving the ground" element of the catch rule in rather famous fashion. It was a removal that was celebrated around the league, as many people watching Jesse James make that play against the Patriots believed that such a play should have resulted in a touchdown. Yet in a national spotlight, a non-identical but very similar took place. And the VP of officiating cited a rule that no longer exists when explaining the overturning of a touchdown.
That cost the Patriots a bit on Thursday. But in the bigger picture, it's going to make it even more confusing to figure out what is and what is not a catch in the NFL.
Same as it ever was.
for more features.